Foreign Policy - Foreign Policy 2008-08-03 Foreign Policy...

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Foreign Policy 17:02 Foreign Policy Makers Definition o The policy of a sovereign state guiding its interaction with other sovereign states o Official statements that seek to outline how the government will interact with other countries and, to a lesser extent, non-state actors. o Foreign policies are designed to help protect a country’s national interests, national security, ideological goals, and economic prosperity. President o Ensures national security and safeguards national interest. Supervises the nation’s foreign relations bureaucracy. Enforces and carries out US international commitments Secretary of State- America’s foreign minister Secretary of Defense Secretary of Treasury Director of CIA Chairman of he Joint Chiefs of Staff FBI director Secretary of Homeland Security National security adviser US Congress o Making decisions or policies regarding: Use of US force overseas US position on international issues US financial contributions to UN population fund
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US financial contributions to UN operation at times of mounting UN criticism directed a the US US position on mainland china’s human rights situation US position on Japan’s use of “comfort women” in military in WWII Senate o International treaty ratification o Approving or rejecting policies on foreign-related spending US Congress o Congressional foreign policy-related committees Senate Foreign Relations Committee Senate Armed Services Committee House International Affairs Committee Foreign Policy Shapers Who helps shape America’s foreign policy? Groups or people who are unofficial and informal players and have influence in foreign policy making. o The Media More news reaches more people faster CNN Media reports make people more cynical and skeptical Iraq war for oil or for eliminating WMD? Why trading heavily with Communist China, but not Cuba? o Interest Groups
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Economic Interest Groups US Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong and China’s MFN status Computer software industry and intellectual property violation in China Nation-specific Interest Groups Coalition for Jewish Concerns Americans of Irish Heritage Human Rights Groups Amnesty International The Christian Right Environmental/Ecological Groups Greenpeace Humane Society USA Roots of US Foreign Policy 1776-1788 (Pre-Constitutional Era) o Testing the Waters Lukewarm interest in extensive foreign interactions Freedom of trade served America’s interest Military and political ties to Europe would compromise American interest 1778, US-France alliance America’s only alliance before the 20 th century Why lack of interest in extensive foreign interactions?
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America was a newly independent nation having little experience in foreign relations America was weak compared to nations on the Old Continent particularly Europe America was uncertain about world politics and needed time to position
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This note was uploaded on 09/04/2008 for the course POLS 2304 taught by Professor Li during the Summer '08 term at University of Houston - Downtown.

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Foreign Policy - Foreign Policy 2008-08-03 Foreign Policy...

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