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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3
Retail Customers Chapter 3 & SWOT
What part of a SWOT analysis doe this chapter focus on?? Learning Objectives
1. Explain the importance of population trends to the retail manager. 2. List the social trends that retail managers should regularly monitor and describe their impact on retailing. 3. Describe the changing economic trends and their effect on retailing. 4. Discuss the consumer shopping/purchasing model, including the key stages in the shopping/purchasing process. Introduction
Retail Mix: The combination of merchandise, assortment, price, promotion, customer service, and store layout that best serves the segments targeted by the retailer. DON'T CONFUSE THIS WITH PRODUCT MIX Introduction Customer Satisfaction: Occurs when the total shopping experience of the customer has been met or exceeded. FOOD FOR THOUGHT: HOW DO YOU KNOW WHEN THE CUSTOMER IS OR IS NOT SATISFIED?? Introduction
Customer Services: Include the activities the retailer performs that influence (1) the ease with which a potential customer can shop or learn about the store's offering, (2) the ease with which a transaction can be completed once the customer attempts to make a purchase, and (3) the customer's satisfaction with the purchase. When I'm drivin' in my car And a man comes on the radio He's telling me more and more About some useless information Supposed to fire my imagination I can't get no, oh no no no Hey hey hey, that's what I say I can't get no satisfaction I can't get no satisfaction 'Cause I try and I try and I try and I try I can't get no, I can't get no Current Trends Affect the Way the Consumer Behaves Introduction Market Segmentation: Is the dividing of a heterogeneous consumer population into smaller, more homogeneous groups based on their characteristics. Learning Objectives
1. Explain the importance of population trends to the retail manager. Population Trends
Population Growth Age Distribution Geographic Trends LO 1 Population Trends Population Variables: Include population growth trends, age distributions, and geographic trends. LO 1 Population Growth If current average projections are correct, the United States population will increase only about 1% a year, from 295 million in 2005 to 336 million in 2020 and to 420 million by 2050, or 37% over 40 years. The majority of this growth will be a result of immigration. LO 1 Age Distribution In 1980 the median age was 30, but by 2005 it had risen to over 35 years. The group of early baby boomers today accounts for almost 28% of the population. As Seniors (60+) live longer, the group will become more segmented. LO 1 Age Distribution Baby busters or Generation X, those born between 1965 and 1977, is a declining percentage of the population. Generation Y or Echo boomers, those born between 1978 and 1994, are emerging as a major buying force in the economy. LO 1 Geographic Trends Micromarketing Merchandising: Is the tailoring of merchandise in each store to the preferences of its neighborhood. WOMEN'S CLOTHING EXAMPLE?? LO 1 Geographic Trends Metropolitan Statistical Areas: Are freestanding urban areas with populations in excess of 50,000. LO 1 Geographic Trends The proportion of the population residing in metropolitan areas has increased dramatically, form 64% in 1950 to 79% today. LO 1 Learning Objectives
2. List the social trends that retail managers should regularly monitor and describe their impact on retailing. Social Trends
Education State of Marriage and Divorce Makeup of the American Household Changing Nature of Work LO 2 Social Trends The education level of the average American is increasing. In 2003, 85% of those over 25 had a high school degree and 27% had a college degree. In 2006 there were 23% more women enrolled in college than men. LO 2 Social Trends Married couples are one of the slowest growing household types not only in this country but also worldwide. Not only are people postponing marriage, some are choosing not to marry at all. LO 2 Social Trends Since 1960, the U.S. divorce rate has increased by 250%. LO 2 Social Trends 52% of all households have no children. Between 1980 and 2003 the "homealoners" increased by 45%. "Mingles" Unmarried Couples: Increased 167% since 1980 7% of couple households LO 2 Social Trends Boomerang Effect: So called because the parents think the children have left for good, but they keep coming back. It is estimated over the next decade 40% of children will return to their parents after they have previously left. LO 2 Social Trends In 2003, there were nearly 10 million self employed individuals and estimated 6 million homebased businesses in the United States. LO 2 Learning Objectives
3. Describe the changing economic trends and their effect on retailing. Economic Trends
Income Growth Personal Savings Women in the Labor Force Widespread Use of Credit LO 3 Economic Trends Disposable Income: Is personal income less personal taxes. LO 3 Economic Trends Discretionary Income: Is disposable income minus the money needed for necessities to sustain life. LO 3 Economic Trends In 1970, 43% of all women over the age of 16 were in the labor force; today it is 60%. 76% of all women ages 25 to 34 are currently on the labor force. The percentage of working married women with preschoolers increased from 30% in 1970 to 60% in 2003. LO 3 Economic Trends Consumers in 2006 were staggering under an estimated $2.2 trillion in consumer debt. LO 3 Learning Objectives Discuss the consumer shopping/purchasing model, including the key stages in the shopping/purchasing process. Consumer Shopping/ Purchase Model Exhibit 3.6 LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model Stimulus: Refers to a cue that is external to the individual or a drive that is internal to the individual. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model Cue: Refers to any object or phenomenon in the environment that is capable of eliciting a response. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model Drive: Refers to a motivating force that directs behavior. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model Passive Information Gathering: Is the receiving and processing of information regarding the existence and quality of merchandise, services, stores, shopping, convenience, pricing, advertising, and any other factors that a consumer might consider in making a purchase. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
Problem Recognition: Occurs when the consumer's desired state of affairs departs sufficiently from the actual state of affairs, placing the consumer in a state of unrest. LO 4 Degrees of Consumer Problem Solving in Shopping/Purchasing Exhibit 3.7 LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
Habitual problem solving: Occurs when the consumer relies on past experiences and learning to convert the problem into a situation requiring less thought. The consumer has a strong preference for the brand to buy and the retailer from which to purchase it. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
Limited Problem Solving: Occurs when the consumer has a strong preference for either the brand or the store, but not both. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
Extended Problem Solving: Occurs when the consumer recognizes a problem but has decided on neither the brand nor the store. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
Active Information Gathering: Occurs when consumers proactively gather information. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model Set of Attributes: Refers to the characteristics of the store and its products and services. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
Evaluate Alternatives: Occurs when consumers make judgments regarding the individual product attributes of a retailer and/or product. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
Purchase: The purchase stage may include final negotiation, application for credit if necessary, and the determination of the terms of purchase. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model
PostPurchase Evaluation: Consumer perceptions toward the retailer and/or product purchased after use and evaluation. LO 4 Consumer Behavior Model PostPurchase Resentment: Arises when after the purchase the consumer becomes dissatisfied with the product, service, or retailer and thus begins to regret the purchase was made. LO 4 ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2008 for the course MKTG 327 taught by Professor Jeffhyman during the Spring '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.
- Spring '08