Rise of Totalitarianism - Sarah Grace Plante Mr Costello European History AP 18 June 2014 Totalitarianism and Fascism 1 With the increase of nationalism

Rise of Totalitarianism - Sarah Grace Plante Mr Costello...

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Sarah Grace Plante Mr. Costello European History AP 18 June 2014 Totalitarianism and Fascism 1. With the increase of nationalism, the new countries and boundaries formed, the new governments and leaders over unstable economies, communist and fascism practically had a wide open door to come to popularity. 2. France needed to make sure Germany would not make any more moves so there were constantly French troops in and around the German-French border. 4. The Dawes Plan was an attempt following World War I for the Triple Entente to compromise and collect war reparations debt from Germany. 5. The Locarno Treaties were seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland, on 5–16 October 1925 and formally signed in London on 1 December, in which the First World War Western European Allied powers and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, and return normalizing relations with defeated Germany (which was, by this time, the Weimar Republic). 6. The Kellogg–Briand Pact (or Pact of Paris, officially General Treaty for Renunciation of War as an Instrument of National Policy) is a 1928 international agreement in which signatory states
promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them". Parties failing to abide by this promise "should be denied of the benefits furnished by this treaty". It was signed by Germany, France and the United States on August 27, 1928, and by most other nations soon after. Sponsored by France and the U.S., the Pact renounced the use of war and called for the peaceful settlement of disputes. Similar provisions were incorporated into the UN Charter and other treaties and it became a stepping stone to a more activist American policy. 7. The stock market crash and people losing faith in banks, and buying on margin. 8. Keynesian economics is the view that in the short run, especially duringrecessions, economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total spending in the economy). In the Keynesian view, aggregate demand does not necessarily equal the productive capacity of the economy; instead, it is influenced by a host of factors and sometimes behaves erratically, affecting production, employment, and inflation. 11. The Italian government’s democracy was in distress, the existence of hostility about the Italian war effort, the economic issues including high inflation, labor unrest, and lack of jobs after the return of soldiers. 12. Mussolini starts his own newspaper promoting fascism called “Il Poplo” which helped fascist ideas gain roots. Mussolini creates an appealing platform for laborers. He creates a political party and they become increasingly popular in elections.
13.Squadrismoconsisted of fascist squads who were led by the Ras from 1918 - 1924.

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