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Running head: QUALITATIVE RESEARCH CRITIQUE AND ETHIC CONSIDERATIONS 1Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical ConsiderationsGrand Canyon UniversityDavid Coicou
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH CRITIQUE AND ETHIC CONSIDERATIONS 2MY PICOT STATEMENT: Registered nurses on my surgical, medical unit commonly have a patient ratio of 8:1. In comparison with many facilities with a lower nurse/patient ratio, studies show a decrease in the occurrences of falls and medication errors. Will reducing the number of patients per nurse for a six month period result in increased patient safety as evidenced by a decreased rate of falls and medication errors?Qualitative Study“Tubbs-Cooley, H., Cimiotti, J., Silber, J., Sloane, D. & Aiken, L. (2013) An Observational Study of Nurse Staffing Ratios and Hospital Readmission among Children admitted for Common Condition. BMJ Qual Saf, 22: 735-742.”Background of StudyTubbs-Cooley et al. (2013) argued that patient-to-nurse staffing proportion in hospitals has been associated with quality up shots in adult patients groups, however little is known concerning the correlation in pediatric care. This was the gap in knowledge that the study sought to address in order to improve patient outcomes and healthcare delivery. As a result, they focusedon the link between the staff ration and every cause readmission of children admitted to hospitalsfor common surgical and medical conditions. The authors established the significance of the study by showing that the quality of inpatient care may determine the hospital readmission of children. They noted that only a few researchers had explored the relationship between hospital systems aspects and readmission amongst children. The purpose of the study was to explore the connections between the nursing staffing proportion in hospitals as well as readmission amongst children admitted for general surgical and medical conditions. The research question that the study sought to answer was: “to what extent are nursing staffing levels related to readmission of
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH CRITIQUE AND ETHIC CONSIDERATIONS 3children admitted for common surgical and medical conditions?” The research question is relatedto and flows from the purpose. Method of StudyThe authors used an observational cross-sectional method. It was appropriate to answer the research question as the author's aim was to obtain a representative sample by taking a cross section of population-children. They did not intervene but simply wanted to record the health andbehavior of the study participants. The author failed to identify a particular point of view from which the study was developed. The author cited qualitative and quantitative studies relevant to