final exam hist notes!

final exam hist notes! - I. Texas in the Civil War a....

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I. Texas in the Civil War a. Secession i. Governor Sam Houston, very opposed to secession, Houston calls secession of legislature and in meantime, people called separate convention for secession; Lincoln offers to send military to oppose secession, Houston turns down, delegates vote for secession (1861) Houston resigns and dies in 1863 ii. Gang of 500 volunteers show up at Alamo and force federal commander to surrender (to run federal troops out of state) 1. some union loyalists: in counties North of Dallas and predominately German Hill Country b. Mobilization i. Texas elects new governor under Confederacy: Francis Lubbock 1. 1863: 90,000 men enlisted in Conf. army only 92,000 white males in entire population, very large % in Confederate army 2. 1863: Lubbock resigns to enlist himself, about 21,000 union regiments in Texas, 100 tejanos on side of union (infantry = foot, cavalry = horse) most Texas cavalry (3/4) c. Battles i. Southwest Campaign 1. led by Henry Sibly; take New Mexico, Arizona, and Colorado for Confederacy, 1861 marched from San Antonio to El Paso to New Mexico, capture Albuquerque and Santa Fe; worn out regiments, go to Colorado and defeat Union forces, short lived, Union captures supply train and forced to withdraw ii. naval (Union blockade along coast) 1. Sabine Pass: try to take Corpus first, unsuccessful, hope to use as an access point to take over Texas, Union control for about a year (unsuccessful Union attempt) 2. Galveston: largest battle in Texas, main Texas port; Oct. 1862 Union fleet forces fall into Union hands (3-4 months) (Confederate victory) 3. Brownsville/ Palmetto Ranch: (Nov. 1863) Union forces capture and cut off trade between Mexico and Texas, by summer 1864, Confederate forces under Ford retake Brownsville; last battle of Civil War colored regiment (Union) sent to Brownsville, Confederates repel Union attempt to retake d. Home front i. Blockade created shortages (coffee, medicine, clothing, and farm implements) had to resort to homespun clothing, tried to make substitute for coffee, salt also scarce II. Post Civil War Reconstruction a. The Reactions to Emancipation i. Reactions by the Freedmen/ women 1. Agency of slaves during the war (decide to act, when Union troops went South, slaves fled) also blacks in forced labor for Confederates fled, about 180,000 former slaves served in Union army a. Gave slaves a sense of respectability b. Many learned how to read, many went on to careers in politics ii. After War 1. Institutions a. Church: 1 st institution black men gained full control over after
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final exam hist notes! - I. Texas in the Civil War a....

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