Lecture Notes Exam 3 - Notes Segregation Overturned 1...

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10/24/16 Notes Segregation Overturned 1. Plessy(1896) and its aftermath 2. Brown 1(1954) and II (1955) 3. Desegregation in Delaware = at U of D 4. The opposition to Brown Equity not equalityk a - Treat everybody fairly Plessy (1896) and its aftermath Plessy rides in railroad?: car for whites o Thrown out, sued and appealed Supreme Court o 14 th amendment o 7 to 1 decision Separate but equal o Policy does not give blacks badge of inferiority o Enforced mingling of two races o Public opinion needs to change for things to change 2% of blacks are able to vote Segregation in both North and South o Pools, parks, restaurant’s etc. Treated poorly If you lived in north and south o Buy book to say rules Solid South o Democratic WW2 o Segregated units o Blood donors, black to black, white to whites Funding for black schools becomes more prominent o Making them “equal” o Diff system for education in south changes and is no more NAACP o Focus on law and graduate schools Go to another state and well pay tuition Court says that's not really separate but equal Blacks inferior to black students Court makes it known that education is important and critical Don't spell out what steps need to taken
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Brown II o No sabotage o Prompt and reasonable start o Short, understandable, inexcusable o Hopeful southern support decision Delaware o Dual System o 80 out of 400 schools were all black o Pierre Dumont o Donated millions to fix black schools o By 1940, we were very segregated o Desegregate in 1960 o Louis Redding, only black attorney in this state. o Only 1 four year high school o No public transportation if tour going to black school. o Northern Delaware o Choose where you want to go to school o Racialism vs racism o Everyone in group has specific traits (racialism) 10/26/16 Notes 1. Little Rock (1957) 2. Johnsons “Great Society” 3. Green (1968) 4. Milliken (1973) Little Rock Nine Segregation vs Integration Modernist Green Case Let people choose their school. 2 schools in distract o Formally all black and formally all white Court originally said no o No white student applied to black school, only 13% blacks applied to white Dejure Segregation Integrate Desegregation o Court cases o There is a defendant o Defacto Segregation o Nobody took official steps, but happened cause people chose
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Milliken Case Court tells states they need to take specific steps for segregation Wilmington vs New Castle Inter district violation Court order that creates new school distracts Encompass cites with buses and travel within city Court with monitor if your uprooting old system. 10/28/16 Notes 1. Busing 2. 5 Challenges for segregated schools 3. Affirmative Action a. G.I Bill b. College Admissions i. Bakke (1978) Buses Buses are mandatory to force integration 5 Challenges for desegregated schools Resegregation in schools, Racialism Not just black/white, also includes Hispanics Economic and social class Tokenism What might have seemed simple had many different challenges.
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