Cheat sheet for test #1

Cheat sheet for test #1 - -Amendments- 1. - Freedom of...

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-Amendments- 1. - Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression, 2. - Right to Bear Arms, 3. - Quartering of Soldiers , 4. - Search and Seizure, 5. - Trial and Punishment Compensation for Takings, 6. - Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses, 7. - Trial by Jury in Civil Cases , 8. - Cruel and Unusual Punishment, 9. - Construction of Constitution by the people, 10. - Powers of the States and People, 11. - Judicial Limits, 12. - Choosing the President, Vice President, 13. - Slavery Abolished 14. - Citizenship Rights, 15. - Race No Bar to Vote, 16. - Status of Income Tax Clarified, 17. - Senators Elected by Popular Vote, 18. - Liquor Abolished, 19. - Women's Suffrage, 20. - Presidential, Congressional Terms, 21. - Amendment 18 Repealed, 22. - Presidential Term Limits, 23. - Presidential Vote for District of Columbia, 24. - Poll Taxes Barred, 25. - Presidential Disability and Succession, 26. - Voting Age Set to 18 Years, 27. - Limiting Congressional Pay Increases -1 Chapter 1 (Patterson) Our founding fathers: - James Madison - “knowledge will forever govern ignorance.” He is the “father of the Constitution.” Helped Thomas Jefferson form a political party- one that sought to promote ordinary citizens as opposed to the rich and powerful. - Thomas Jefferson - “education is the only way people will participate.” He developed democracy and said that people had to become educated. However, some of the founding fathers did not want to educate the poor because they will see that not everything in this world is the same lifestyle and this will be upsetting to the poor. Created the separation of church and state. -Relative Deprivation - when someone is wealthier than you. - American Core Ideals: 1. Liberty- the principle that people should be free to act and think as they choose, so long as they don’t infringe on someone else’s liberty. We are free with boundaries. 2. Equality- the idea that all individuals are equal in their moral worth, and are entitled to equal treatment under the law. 3. Self government- idea that people are the source of governing power. So we should have a say in how we are governed. People have the power and give it to the government. 4. Individualism- personal initiative, self sufficiency, material accumulation. Personal initiative- doing something without being told Self sufficiency- being responsible and on your own Material accumulation- your net worth 5. Diversity- idea that our differences should be respected as a source of strength 6. Unity- we are one people, and we form an indivisible union. -Constitutionalism- the idea that government’s power can be limited - Thomas Hobbes - State of Nature - “life is nasty, brutish, and short.” We were born constantly struggling to survive, then we die.” -Social Contract- in which ordinary people surrender the freedom they would have in a state of nature in return for the protection that a sovereign ruler can provide. -
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This note was uploaded on 08/14/2008 for the course PHIL 102 taught by Professor Peter during the Spring '07 term at San Diego State.

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Cheat sheet for test #1 - -Amendments- 1. - Freedom of...

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