Final Study Guide - Final Exam Bi Sci 04 Name _ Choose the...

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Final Exam Bi Sci 04 May 2, 2007 Name __________________________ Choose the best answer: 1. The type of bone located externally or on the outer portion of a bone is known as A. cancellous B. spongy C. compact D. medullary 2. The bones are lined or covered with ______________ cartilage where they form joints A. hyaline B. fibro C. synovial D. elastic 3. The structural protein that is inside of bone is ___________ A. myosin B. actin C. collagen D. keratin 4. The outer connective tissue covering of bone, which is instrumental in the healing of fractures is ______________ A. endosteum B. mesosteum C. epiosteum D. periosteum 5. The cell that is responsible for forming new bone is the __________ A. osteocyte B. osteoblast C. osteoclast D. osteogenocyte
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6. When bones are growing and elongating they are replacing a shell that is formed of ____________ A. immature bone cells B. red bone marrow C. yellow bone marrow D. cartilage 7. A critical vitamin that assists bone in forming with its effect on absorbing minerals in the GI tract is vitamin __________. A. A B. B1 C. C D. D 8. Bone is hardened by certain mineral salts. The salt that is most abundant in bone is ______________ A. Calcium sulfate B. Calcium phosphate C. Magnesium sulfate D. Magnesium phosphate 9. The hormone that is known to breakdown bone and is associated with weakening bone is __________________ A. growth hormone B. parathyroid hormone C. calcitonin D. testosterone 10. After a bone is fractured and a hematoma forms, a ____________ forms to begin to bridge the defect. A. bony callous B. bony union C. fibrous band D. fibrocartilaginous callous
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11. A significant difference between an open and closed fracture is that in an open(compound) fracture the major concern is ___________________ A. pain B. infection C. deformity D. all of these of equal concern 12. The skull consists of ______________ bones A. cranial B. facial C. cervical vertebra 13. The region of the vertebra that corresponds to the low back is the _______ A. cervical B. thoracic
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This note was uploaded on 03/17/2008 for the course BI SC 004 taught by Professor Mitchellameliav during the Fall '08 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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Final Study Guide - Final Exam Bi Sci 04 Name _ Choose the...

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