Cultural Relativism and Utilitarianism

Cultural Relativism and Utilitarianism - - Cultural...

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Cultural Relativism - treats morality just like etiquette Objections 1. can’t claim the practices of other cultures are morally inferior 2. Moral progress makes no sense Assume CR is false: 1. Doesn’t mean saying that no practices are just cultural artifacts 2. Still worth reflecting on the origin of our moral beliefs 3. We can explain away a lot of disagreements Act/ Direct/ Extreme Utilitarianism Version 1 The moral status of an act depends wholly on its consequences. An act is right in so far as it provides the greatest good for the greatest number – maximize the good. Question: How do you do the math? Objection: It does not always mesh with our intuitive moral judgments. Examples Debt defaulter: Okay to default because the money matters more to the defaulter than the large bank. Island Promise: give money to Oxfam rather than dog Scapegoat: innocent person publicly punished to calm public unrest Slavery: beneficial to the whole Transplant: forced transplant because of one’s good health
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Cultural Relativism and Utilitarianism - - Cultural...

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