Parfit - Consequences No objective universal truths about...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Parfit Fission case: you survive as both - multiple persons, each survivors of the individual, Parfit claims fission cases show that psychological cases are not one-to-one Ethics Morally Obligatory (ie stopping for pedestrians, saving toddler in no-risk situation): Morally permissible (neutral): Morally impermissible (ie killing people, stealing): 1. Divine Command Theory: Something is wrong/ right because God said so. Euthyphro dilemma (Plato): Are MO acts MO because God commands them or does God command them because they are MO? Horn 1: It's entirely arbitrary - God could have ordered different things to be right or wrong. God being all-good loses distinction as his commands are arbitrarily good (unless he acts in opposition to his commands). Horn 2: Divine Command Theory doesn't hold. No answer to the question "what makes it right?". 2. Cultural Relativism: The MO, P, IP actions are the ones that our culture says are as such.
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Unformatted text preview: Consequences: No objective/ universal truths about morality Argument: 1) Different culture have different moral codes Therefore, there are no universal moral truths. People have diff beliefs ==> None of them can be right Rachel: has very strange consequences 1. cannot complain that some practices are morally inferrior Action IP eventually becomes MO, so person A committing action B may be punished for it, but Person C committing that same action soon after would be praised for it. This case thus provides unequal treatment for equal actions. Culture? Individual culture? permits all actions. Paper:- psychological identity: issue of cloning 1. Introduction 2. Idenity as arbitrary Sheet1 Page 2 a. soul view (unfounded) b. body view (body-psychology swap) c. psychological view (cloning) 3. Identity from a practical view: legal application a. Crminal cases b. Civil cases 4. Conclusion...
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This note was uploaded on 08/14/2008 for the course PHIL 1101 taught by Professor Weatherson,b during the Fall '06 term at Cornell.

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Parfit - Consequences No objective universal truths about...

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