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Unformatted text preview: Moral Responsibility An agent is morally responsible for an action only if: 1. The agent did it freely 2. The agent is causally responsible for the action Personal Identity Chang over time what makes an individual at one time the same person as a person at another time? Numerical identity: an entity is the same as only itself Synchronic: What makes distinct elements at the same time part of the whole? Diachronic: What makes elements over time part of the whole? 3 main views of Diachronic: 1. Same soul criterion 2. Bodily criterion 3. Psychological criterion Same Soul (Chaplin) X at t1 is the same person as Y at t2 if and only if x and y have the same soul. Objections: 1. Whats a soul? Why think I have one? 2. Even if we do have souls, given view of personal identity cannot be right. If a soul is some internal intangible aspect then we cannot use it to identify the individual. Further, we may not even have one continuing soul. The theory cannot underwrite our ordinary concept of personal identity.our ordinary concept of personal identity....
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- Fall '06