Naming Ionic Compounds

Naming Ionic Compounds - Naming Ionic Compounds Need to...

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Naming Ionic Compounds Need to know how to speak the language of chemistry for this course, your career, Eng, Bio, Med, Science Have to know alphabet elements words chemical compounds If you get to be like Shakespeare in chemistry Nobel prize Organic compounds: contain C, H, O +S, N Inorganic: all others
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Naming Ionic Compounds 1) Cations a) Na + sodium ion same name as metal b) Cu + = copper(I) ion, Cu 2+ = copper(II) ion use roman numbers for different possible changes (transition metals) c) nonmetals use - ium NH 4 + ammonium ion 2) Anions a) 1 atom - ide ending H - hydride ion O 2 - oxide ion also some simple polyatomics OH Hydroxide ion CN - cyanide ion O 2 - 2 peroxide ion
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polyatomics containing oxygen oxyanions - ate NO 3 - nitrate - ite NO 2 - nitrite ite for 1 less oxgen SO 4 2 - sulfate SO 3 2 - sulfite ite 1 less oxygen c) When there are 4 numbers, use per…ate, - ate, ite, hypo…ite: ClO 4 - per chlorate ClO 3 - chlorate ClO 2 - chlorite ClO - hypo chlorite d) When there is a hydrogen, use hydrogen
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Naming Ionic Compounds - Naming Ionic Compounds Need to...

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