208 Chapter 1 Chemical Bonding - 1 Chapter 1 Chemical...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
6/1/2016 1 Chapter 1 Chemical Bonding 1. Introduction 1.1 Atoms, Electrons and Orbitals 1.2 Ionic Bonds 1.3 Covalent Bonds 1.4 Double Bonds and Triple Bonds 1.5 Polar covalent Bonds and Electronegativity 1.6 Formal Charge 1.7 Structural Formulas of Organic molecules 1.8 Isomers and Isomerism 1.9 Resonance 1.10 The Shapes of Some Simple Molecules 1.11 Molecular Polarity 1.12 sp 3 Hybridization and the Bonding in Methane 1.13 Bonding in Ethane 1.14 sp 2 Hybridization and Bonding in Ethylene 1.15 sp Hybridization and Bonding in Acetylene What is Organic Chemistry and why should you study it? Organic Chemistry is the study of carbon compounds most also contains: H, O, N, P, S … C 2 H 5 OH, C 6 H 12 O 6 , C 12 H 22 O 11 Why is Carbon special? Carbon atoms have the ability to bond together forming long chains and rings . Proteins, DNA, Food, Clothes, Medicines are all organic compounds Protons positively charged mass = 1.6726 X 10 -27 kg Neutrons neutral mass = 1.6750 X 10 -27 kg Electrons negatively charged mass = 9.1096 X 10 -31 kg + Atoms are composed of 1.1 Atoms, Electrons and Orbitals Atomic Number and Mass Number Atomic number ( Z ) = number of protons in nucleus This must also equal the number of electrons in neutral atom. Mass number ( A ) = sum of number of protons + neutrons in nucleus X Z A C 6 12 O 8 16 The electrons spend 90-95% of their time near the nucleus in regions of space called orbitals
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon