05a Blood and Lymph System Terminology

05a Blood and Lymph System Terminology - Combining Forms...

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Combining Forms for the Blood and Lymph System Blast(o)/ -blast Germ or bud chrom(o)/ chromat(o) Color chyl(o) Juice hem(o)/ hemat(o) Blood immun(o) Safe lymph(o) Clear fluid morph(o) Form phag(o) Eat or swallow plas(o) Formation reticul(o) A net splen(o) Spleen thromb(o) Clot thym(o) Thymus gland Anatomical Terms in the Blood System Plasma Liquid portion of the blood and lymph containing water, proteins, and cellular components, as in leukocytes, erythrocytes, and platelets Serum Liquid portion of the blood left after clotting Erythrocyte Red blood cell, which transports oxygrn and carbon dioxide Hemoglobin Protein iron compound contained in erythrocytes that transport oxygen and carbon dioxide Leukocyte White blood cell, which protects the body from invading harmful substances Granulocytes A group of leukocytes containing granules in their cytoplasm Neutrophil A granular leukocyte, named for the neutral stain of its granules, that fights infections by swallowing bacteria (phagocytosis) Neutron Neither Phil Attraction for Polymorphonuclear leukocyte, PMN Another term for neutrophil, named for the many segments present in its nucleus Poly Many Nucleus Kernel Morpho Form Band An immature neutrophil Eosinophil A granular leukocyte, named for the rose colored stain of its granules, that increases in allergic and some infectious reactions Eos Dawn colored Basophile A granular leukocyte, named for the dark stain of its granules, that brings anticoagulant substances to inflamed tissues Baso Base Agranulocytes A group of leukocytes without granules in their nuclei Lymphocyte An agranulocytic leukocytes active in the process of immunity; three categories of lymphocytes are T cell (thymus dependant), B cells (bone marrow-derived), and NK (natural killer) cells Monocyte An agranualocytic leukocyte that performs phagocytosis to fight infection Platelets Thrombocytes; cell fragments in the blood essential for blood coagulation Anatomical Terms in the Lymph System Thymus Primary gland of the lymphatic system, located within the
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mediastinum, that helps maintain the body’s immune response by producing T lymphocytes Spleen Organ between the stomach and the diaphragm that filters out aging blood cells, removes cellular debris by performing phagocytosis, and provides and environment for lymphocytes to initiate immune responses Lymph Fluid circulated through the lymph vessels Lymph capillaries Microscopic vessels that draw lymph from tissues to the lymph vessels Lymph vessels Vessels that receive lymph from the lymph cappilaries and circulate it to the lymph nodes Lacteals Specialized lymph vessels in the small intestine that absorb fat into the bloodstream Chyle White or pale yellow substance in lymph that contains fatty substances absorbed by the lacteals Lymph nodes Several small, oval structures that filter lymph from the lymph vessels; major locations include the cervical, axillary, and inguinal regions Lymph ducts Collecting channels that carry lymph from lymph nodes to
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2008 for the course CC 306M taught by Professor Doig during the Spring '06 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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05a Blood and Lymph System Terminology - Combining Forms...

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