12a Urinary System Terminology

12a Urinary System Terminology - Urinary Terminology...

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Urinary Terminology Combining Forms Albumin(o) Protein Bacteri(o) Bacteria Cyst(o), vesic(o) Bladder or sac Dips(o) Thirst glomerul(o) Glomerulus (little ball) gluc(o), glyc(o) Sugar ket(o), keton(o) Ketone bodies lith(o) Stone meat(o) Opening nephr(o), ren(o) Kidney pyel(o) Basin py(o) Pus ureter(o) Ureter urethr(o) Urethra ur(o), urin(o) urine Anatomical Terminology for the Urinary System Kidneys Two structures located on each side of the lumbar region that filter blood and secrete impurities, forming urine Cortex Outer part of the kidney Hilum Indented opening in the kidney where vessels enter and leave Medulla Inner part of the kidney Calices, calyces Ducts that carry urine from the nephrons to the renal pelvis Nephron Microscopic functional units of the kidney, comprised of kidney cells and capillaries, each of forming urine Glomerulus Little ball shaped cluster of capillaries located at the top of each nephron Bowman’s capsule The top part of the nephron that encloses the glomerulus Ureter The tube that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder Renal pelvis The basinlike portion of the ureter within the kidney Ureteropevlic junction Point of connection between the renal pelvis and ureter Urinary bladder Sac that holds the urine Urethra Single canal that carries urine to the outside of the body Urethral meatus Opening in the urethra to the outside of the body Urine Fluid produced by the kidneys, containing water and waste products Urea Waste product formed in the liver, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys, and excreted in urine Creatinine Waste product of muscle metabolism, filtered out of the blood by the kidneys and excreted in urine Symptomatic Terminology of the Urinary System Albuminuria, proteinuria Presence of albumin in the urine, such as occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise Anuria Absence of urine formation Anuresis Inability to pass urine bacteriuria Presence of bacteria in the urine Dysuria Painful urination Enuresis Involuntary discharge of urine, usually referring to a lack of bladder control Nocturnal enuresis Bedwetting during sweet Hematuria Presence of blood in the urine Incontinence Involuntary discharge of urine or feces
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Ketonuria Presence of ketone bodies in the urine Urinary stress incontinence Involuntary discharge of urine with coughing, sneezing, or
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12a Urinary System Terminology - Urinary Terminology...

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