14a Female Reproductive System Terminology

14a Female Reproductive System Terminology - Female...

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Female Reproductive System Terminology Combining Forms Cervic(o) Neck or cervix colp(o), vagin(o) Vagina (sheath) epsi(o), vulv(o) Vulva (covering) gynec(o) Woman hyster(o), metr(o), uter(o) Uterus lact(o) Milk mast(o), mamm(o) Breat men(o) Menstration oophor(o), ovari(o) Ovary Ov(i), ov(o) Egg salping(o) Uterine (fallopian tube or eustachian tube) toc(o) Labor or birth -arche Beginning Anatomical Terminology Uterus Womb; pear shaped organ in the pelvis cavity in which the embryo and fetus develops Fundus Upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes Endometrium Lining of the uterus, which is shed about every twenty-eight to thirty days in a non pregnant female during menstruation Myometrium Muscular wall of the uterus Uterine or fallopian tubes Tubes extending from each side of the uterus toward the ovary that provide a passage for ova to the uterus Adnexa Uterine tubes and ovaries (uterine appendages) Right uterine appendage Right tube and ovary Left uterine appendage Left tube and ovary Ovary One of the two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce ova and female sex hormones Cervix Neck of the uterus Vagina Tubular passageway from the cervix to the outside of the body Vulva External genitalia of the female Labia Folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening, known as the labia majora and labia minora Clitoris Female erectile tissue in the anterior portion of the vulva Hymen Fold of mucous membrane that encircles the entrance to the vagina Introitus Entrance to the vagina Bartholin glands Two glands located on either side of the vaginal opening that secrete a lubricant during intercourse Perineum Region between the vulva and anus Mammary glands Two glands in the female breast capable of producing milk Mammary papilla Nipple Areola Dark pigmented area around the nipple Embryo The developing organism from fertilization to the end of the eighth week Fetus The developing organism from the ninth week to birth Placenta Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall
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during pregnancy to provide nourishment for the fetus Placenta Cake Amniotic sac Membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus, filled with amniotic fluid Amniotic fluid Fluid within the amniotic sac that surrounds and protects the fetus Meconium Intestinal discharges of the fetus that form the first stools of the newborn Gynecological Symptomatic Terminology Amenorrhea Absence of menstruation Dysmenorrhea Painful menstruation Oligomenorrhea Scanty menstrual period Anovulation Absence of ovulation Dyspareunia Painful intercourse Para Alongside of Eunia A lying Leukorrhea Abnormal white or yellow vaginal discharge Menorrhagia Excessive bleeding at the time of menstruation Metrorrhagia Bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation Oligo-ovulation Irregular ovulation Gynecological Diagnostic Terminology Cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix Congenital anomalies Birth defects that cause the abnormal development of an organ or structure, e.g. double uterus or
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This note was uploaded on 09/05/2008 for the course CC 306M taught by Professor Doig during the Spring '06 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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14a Female Reproductive System Terminology - Female...

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