Chapter 14 Guided Reading - Patrick Wolfe APUSH Pd 2 Part 4...

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Patrick Wolfe APUSH Pd. 2 Part 4 - Chapter 13 - 14 1. What was the relationship between the collapse of the Second Party System and the Republican victory in the election of 1860? (pg. 438) - KC - 5.2.II.D The republican party back then was a third party, so the 4-way election, created by a divide in Jacksonian democrats between south and north, gave them the win. 2. How did John Brown’s raid push the country towards war? (pg. 438) - KC - 5.2.I.B Antislavery sympathizers from Kansas carried out reprisal attacks, the most notorious of which was John Brown's 1856 attack on the settlement at Pottawatomie Creek. The war continued for four years before the antislavery forces won. The violence it generated helped precipitate the Civil War. 3. What was the reaction of the United States government to the southern states that seceded first? (pg. 446-447) - KC - 5.2.II.D Answer: The force of events moved very quickly upon the election of Lincoln. South Carolina acted first, calling for a convention to secede from the union. state by state, conventions were held, and the confederacy was formed. Details: The Crittenden Compromise December 18, 1860. Amendments Proposed in Congress by Senator John J. Crittenden . The following is the Crittenden Compromise which proposed protecting the institution of slavery through constitutional amendments. The compromise did not pass the house or the senate and was immediately rejected by President Lincoln. Lincoln’s inaugural address In his inaugural address, Lincoln said that there would be no conflict unless the South provoked it; he said that secession was impractical, this was true because the Mississippi River and the Appalachians ran the wrong way to make secession possible
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4. Per. Figure 14.1, was slave ownership in a state the main cause of early succession? (pg. 447) - KC - 5.2.II.D Yes, because one side felt slavery was wrong while the other was pro slavery. Other factors that drove the secession movement were sectionalism and etc. 5. How important was the conflict at Fort Sumter, and would the Confederacy - or the Union - have gone to war without it? (pg. 447-448) - KC - 5.2.II.D It caused more sectionalism between the Union and the Confederacy. The Confederacy or Union would still have gone to war without it because people were already deciding which sides they would choose. 6. In 1861 and 1862, what were the political and military strategies of the Confederate and Union leaders? Which side was the most successful and why? (pgs. 448-449) - KC - 5.3.I.A The Union: The Confederacy's military strategy was only to defend its boundaries to achieve independence and its political strategies were ruling out gradual emancipation or any other law "denying or impairing the right of property in negro slaves”. The Confederacy: The Union leader’s military strategy was using an aggressive military campaign to restore the Union and its political strategies were using secession as an attack on representative government.
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