Response Canvas Week 2 - Big Divisions in Sociology

Response Canvas Week 2 - Big Divisions in Sociology - BIG...

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POSITIVISM: Societies evolve from one form to another, like how organisms move from less to more complex differentiation Individual “happiness” is not as important as societal order Sociologists engage in data analysis at a broader but narrower scale to test a theory of cause-effect; research concerned with testing if a causal relationship exists (and if so, then why) Want to test theories deductive approach to research Concerned with using generalizability to model causality Quantitative research methods Macro level of theory *see below* INTERPRETIVISM: Society is the product of meaningful social actions that sociologists need to understand ( Verstehen ) People are constrained by the institutions of their own making Sociologists engage in interviews and other ways to “get into people’s heads” to study interpretation of something, such as a meaningful activity Want to build or question theories inductive approach to research
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