CINEMASTUDYGUIDE

CINEMASTUDYGUIDE - Terminology I FILM AS A TECHNOLOGY...

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Terminology I. FILM AS A TECHNOLOGY BUSINESSS ART/ENTERTAINMENT AND CULTURAL PRODUCT As a TECHNOLOGY! 6 parts to be in motion: 1)Persistance of Vision- physical and psychological disposition of the brain and eye can only retain an image for a brief moment, -Pers of vis is the illusion of motion which results when a series of film images are displayed in quick succession, - this requires an active role of spectators in movies -Imperative to film becase it allows us to perceive the separate frames of a reel of film as a continuous, flowing image- recreating motion and creating the medium of the fim *Zoetrope- invented in 1833 and sold in 1867“live turning” by William E. Lincoln -produces an illusion of action by a rapid succession of moving images -contained a series of drawings on a narrow strip of paper inside a revolving drum- same motion repeated over and over and it looks like imagine in the drawing is moving -used to make films bc viewer’s eye can hold onto the first frame he sees until the second frame takes its place, creating movement process *Doctor John Parris- first introduced the thaumatrope in 1826, It is a disk or card with a picture on each side and attached to two pieces of string, when strings are twirled quickly between fingers, two pictures appear to combine into a single image Ex. Bird on one side, cage on the other- appears that bird is flying into cage - one of the factors leading to the discovery to the motion picture camera 2) still photography William Henry Fox Talbot- 1840 invented calotype(positive/negative) printing process which is necessary for the reproduction of motion picture films, one of the discoveries leading up to the printer (taking a negative and making multiple prints) 3)motion picture camera *Eadweard Muybridge- wins former Governor Stanford’s racing bet -proved that when a horse gallops, all 4 hooves leave the ground by developing a scheme for instantaneous motion picture capture -used 24 still pictures created by horse to create movement -one of the discoveries leading to motion picture camera invention * Dr Marey invents the chronographic gun -12 images on a glass plate(rotating) with trigger to create movement
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4) Film Stock * Hannibal Goodwin - first used celluloid roll film to take thousands of still pictures by pressing a button, 24 frames per second, cheap 5)Motion Picture Projector * Lumiere Brothers- 1895 demonstrate their Cinematographe(could record, develop and project motion pictures) and estabilished the standard for silent film, first movie was “Workers Leaving the Lumiere Factory” *Dec 28 1895- Paris Train arriving at station put on film- first public demonstration of cinemotographe *George Elliot said technology of movies helps us see what we are missing in life (sound and images) *1912 5 million Americans going to the movies *1927- put sound on image- influenced BUSINESS, AESTHETICS, and TECHNOLOGY (all influence one another) AS A BUSINESS!!
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