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Unformatted text preview: Mills On Liberty outline Life: - May 20 th 1806 May 8 1873- Rigorous upbringing w/ little association w/ other kids- Father, James Mill, wanted him to carry on the utilitarianism cause after he &amp; Jeremy Bentham passed away; educated by father- Intensive study led to poor mental health &amp; suffered nervous breakdown at age 22; his intense studying growing up suppressed most of his emotions but eventually his depression wore off- Worked for British East India Co &amp; Liberal Member of Parliament- Advocated womens rights &amp; political/social reforms- Married to Harriet Taylor; greatly influenced him; mentions in On Liberty I. Chap I - Introduction- Subject of essay: nature &amp; limits of power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual - civil liberty limit that must be set on societys power over each individual- evolution of liberty o protection from tyranny of political rulers; inherited/conquested rule o rulers became servants as tyrannical majority forced will upon minority now, rulers should identify w/ people, their interest &amp; will should be interest &amp; will of the nation (7) tyranny of the majority - the will of the most numerous or he most active part of the people; the majority, or those who succeed in making themselves accepted as the majority (8) social tyranny more formidable than many kinds of political oppression (8) there is a limit to the legitimate interference of collective opinion w/ individual independence: and to find that limit, and maintain it against encroachment habits: people arent judge of themselves savages: those still in a state to require being taken care of by others despotism okay for barbarians (15)- object of this essay: assert one very simple o society/individual interfere with others prevent harm to others; his own good is not enough warranted (14) o over himself, over his own body &amp; mind, the individual is sovereign- 3 types of liberty: 17 o liberty of thought &amp; opinion o liberty of tastes &amp; pursuits/plan our own lives o liberty to join other like minded w/out injury no society w/out these is free society has forced to compel people to conform to its notions of personal, as of social excellence (17) II. Chap II Of Liberty of Thought &amp; Discussion- addresses idea if a persons should be able to curtail another persons freedom to express a divergent view- must not silence any opinion censorship = morally wrong- 99/100- that one person should not be silenced- but the peculiar evil of silencing the expression of an opinion is, that it is robbing the human race; posterity as well as the existing generation; those who dissent from the opinion, still more than those who hold it....
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- Spring '08
- The Land