Marx/Engels Internet Archive A Critique of The German Ideology Written: Fall 1845 to mid-1846 First Published: 1932 (in full) Source: Progress Publishers, 1968 Language: German Transcription: Tim Delaney, Bob Schwartz Online Version: Marx/Engels Internet Archive (marxists.org) 2000 Preface I. Feuerbach: Opposition of the Materialist and Idealist Outlooks A. Idealism and Materialism The Illusions of German Ideology First Premises of the Materialist Method History: Fundamental Conditions Private Property and Communism B. The Illusion of the Epoch Civil Society -- and the Conception of History Feuerbach: Philosophic, and Real, Liberation Ruling Class and Ruling Ideas C. The Real Basis of Ideology Division of Labor: Town and Country The Rise of Manufacturing The Relation of State and Law to Property D. Proletarians and Communism Individuals, Class, and Community Forms of Intercourse Conquest The German Ideology (1 of 2) [23/08/2000 16:33:47]
Contradictions of Big Industry: Revolution III. Saint Max A. Idealist mistakes & Materialist corrections Idealist Misconceptions Individuality according to Materialism The Family, Alienation, Competition, etc. Marx/Engels Works Archive The German Ideology (2 of 2) [23/08/2000 16:33:47]
Karl Marx THE GERMAN IDEOLOGY PREFACE Hitherto men have constantly made up for themselves false conceptions about themselves, about what they are and what they ought to be. They have arranged their relationships according to their ideas of God, of normal man, etc. The phantoms of their brains have got out of their hands. They, the creators, have bowed down before their creations. Let us liberate them from the chimeras, the ideas, dogmas, imaginary beings under the yoke of which they are pining away. Let us revolt against the rule of thoughts. Let us teach men, says one, to exchange these imaginations for thoughts which correspond to the essence of man; says the second, to take up a critical attitude to them; says the third, to knock them out of their heads; and -- existing reality will collapse. These innocent and childlike fancies are the kernel of the modern Young-Hegelian philosophy, which not only is received by the German public with horror and awe, but is announced by our philosophic heroes with the solemn consciousness of its cataclysmic dangerousness and criminal ruthlessness. The first volume of the present publication has the aim of uncloaking these sheep, who take themselves and are taken for wolves; of showing how their bleating merely imitates in a philosophic form the conceptions of the German middle class; how the boasting of these philosophic commentators only mirrors the wretchedness of the real conditions in Germany. It is its aim to debunk and discredit the philosophic struggle with the shadows of reality, which appeals to the dreamy and muddled German nation.