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Unformatted text preview: History 150 Exam 3 Study Guide Fourteen Points- Wilson’s plan for peace which included abolition of secret diplomacy, freedom of the seas, removal of international economic barriers, reduction of armaments, impartial adjustment of colonial claims (self-determination), and the establishment of a general association of nations (league of nations). Treaty of Versailles- Peace treaty that officially ended World War I. The central powers assume responsibility for the outbreak of World War I, Germany lost one million square miles of colonial possessions, Germany lost 50,000 square miles of European territory, Germany reduced army to 100,000 men, surrendered all warships, submarines, airplanes, military equipment, and reparations of 56,500,000,000 in gold. Article X- Part of the Treaty of Versailles problems which compelled congress at the dictates of the league council to defend territorial integrity and political independence of any member state which was attacked. Dawes Plan- A plan formulated for dealing with reparations that reduced German annual payments and extended period for repayment and more loans. Washington Conference- Delegates from Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, China, Belgium, Netherlands, and Portugal met to discuss reduction of naval armaments and problems of the Pacific. Conference drafted nine treaties with the most important being: A five-power treaty providing for a ten-year naval holiday in the construction of capital ships and fixing the relative tonnage of Great Britain, the U.S., Japan, France, and I taly. Second a four-power treaty binding the signatories to respect one another’s rights in the Pacific and to confer in the event that any question threatened to disrupt harmonious relations. Thirdly, a nine-power treaty guaranteeing the political and territorial integrity of China and the open door for trade. Locarno Pact- Agreement reached at Locarno, Switzerland by Great Britain, France, Germany, I taly, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. Guaranteed the demilitarized status of the Rhineland and the common borders of Belgium, France, and Germany, all as specified by the Treaty of Versailles. League of Nations- Formed after WWI to promote international peace and security. Based in Geneva, proved useful in settling minor international disputes, but was unable to stop aggression by major powers. Collapsed early in WWII and dissolved itself in 1946. Served as a model for its successor, the United Nations. Collective Security- Spanish Civil War- Aided by Fascist I taly and Nazi Germany, Franco overthrows the Spanish Republic and establishes a dictatorship. Neville Chamberlain- Royal Air Force- The Air Force branch of the British Armed Forces....
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2008 for the course HIST 150 taught by Professor Neel during the Spring '08 term at Ball State.
- Spring '08