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History 150 Exam Study Guide II

History 150 Exam Study Guide II - History 150 Exam Study...

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History 150 Exam Study Guide II French Revolution Causes - Political, Economic, and Intellectual. Political 1. Despotic rule of Bourbon Kings 200 years 2. Illogical and unsystematic character of the government 3. Costly wars of the French kings Economic - Universal wretchedn ess a mong the m a ss of p eople wasn’t one of the reasons as always pictured - Only 1/20 still serfdom-not initiate but followers - French Revolution was launched as a middle-class m ove m ent - Original objectives were for bourgeoisie(Rich without titles) 1. Emergence of n ew econo mic group-mon ey not important still excluded from 2. Opposition to m ercantilism- regulations oppressive restrictions 3. The syste m of privilege entrenched in society - Great classes or est ates a. First Estate: Higher clergy cardinals, archbishops, bishops b. Second Estate: 1. Nobles of the Sword(Military, the old rich) 2. Nobles of the Robe Judicial Office(New rich, bought titles) c. Third Estate: Everyone else in French society(serfs, pe as ants, bourgeoisie) 4. Inequitable Syste m of Taxation 5. Survival of relics of feudalism 1789-Corve e Intellectual - Outgrowth of the e nlighten m e nt - 1. Liberal Theory, Locke and Montesquieu a nd Voltaire….Yes there should be a king, but his power should be limited. - 2. De mocratic Theory, Rousse au…People should be in power without a - Influence of n ew econo mic theory…Ada m Smith laissez faire
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Middle-Class Movement -  French Revolution began as a middle-class movement. Mercantilism -The Kings and Queens make all economic decisions based on what is  Liberal Theory power should be limited. Nobles of the Robe - Were the new rich who bought their titles.  French aristocrats  who owed their titles and rank to judicial or administrative posts—often bought  outright for high sums. These positions were often hereditary and most nobles of  Constitution of 1791 - Not democratic republic, limited monarchy, monopoly of the  well-to-do, voting restricted, not a government the masses could claim as their own. Constitution of 1793 - New constitution which called for most democratic in history,  universal manhood suffrage, right to referendum, society owes a living to the poor,  education and obligation of the state disordered conditions of the time constitution  Romanticism - Thinking with your heart instead of your brain.  Encouraged   Emotionalism, Idealism, and revolt against imposed standards and accepted   authority.  Reason could not solve all problems.  Science was irrelevant and intuition   counted.  Romantic movement stressed the past, the emotional, and the national   aspects of life, paving the way for the fragmenting force of several modern   ideologies by emphasizing the rights of the individual to define his or her own
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History 150 Exam Study Guide II - History 150 Exam Study...

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