Constitution 1 - Chapter 2: The Constitution Part 1 Lecture...

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Chapter 2: The Constitution Chapter 2: The Constitution Part 1 Lecture will provide more detail on social contract theory than the text You should: You should: Know the definitions of the Key Terms Be able to explain the impact of the ideas of John Locke on the American government Be able to explain the need for the Constitutional Convention in 1787 Theory for American Government Theory for American Government *The ideas used by the founders of American democracy came from the political theorists of Europe, particularly England and France *We will see explicit uses of these theories in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution *Critical importance: social contract theory , which was used to argue against the divine right of kings Divine Right of Kings Divine Right of Kings *European monarchs of the Middle Ages claimed the “ divine right of kings Kings and queens were given their status and their authority by God To disobey the monarch was not just a crime, it was a sin! *For a good summary of divine right of kings, see: http://www.xrefer.com/entry/502150 A Remnant of Divine Right A Remnant of Divine Right * http://www.royal.gov.uk/output/Page390.asp *The Queen’s title: “'Queen Elizabeth II by the Grace of God , Queen of this Realm and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith' (translated from Latin).
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Arguing Against the King Arguing Against the King *How can we argue against divine right of kings, which holds that the monarch’s authority to govern comes from God *By creating a new basis for authority: The social contract *Authority comes from consent of the people *People will consent to a government so long as the government acts in their best interests Two Social Contract Theorists Two Social Contract Theorists *Next, we will look at two famous social contract theorists: Thomas Hobbes and John Locke *Hobbes and Locke were both social contract theorists but they derived very different ideas on the form that government should
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2008 for the course PS 1010 taught by Professor Yahrmatter during the Fall '08 term at Wayne State University.

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Constitution 1 - Chapter 2: The Constitution Part 1 Lecture...

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