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Unformatted text preview: Interest Groups 2 Your goals: *Define: direct lobbying; indirect lobbying; amicus curiae brief; "grassroots" lobbying; *Show how lobbying techniques vary according to the branch of government *Be able to describe three tactics of direct lobbying and three tactics of indirect lobbying Lobbying Strategy Strategy and Tactics
Overall goal of efforts *Possible goals: Secure new legislation from Congress *Prevent new legislation from passing *Influence appointments to key positions
Federal bureaucracy *Federal courts Federal Trade Commission
Bureaucratic appointments * http://www.ftc.gov/bios/commissioners.htm Bureaucratic Appointments *Jones Day http://www.jonesday.com/news/news_search.aspx *MPAA http://www.mpaa.org/about/ Scandal at the Food and Drug Administration? * http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp dyn/content/article/2005/10/25/AR2005102501544.html Federal Courts Influencing judicial appointments *Planned Parenthood on Harriet Meiers: * http://www.plannedparenthood.org/pp2/portal/files/portal/media/mediamiers.xml National Right to Life: * http://www.nrlc.org/Judicial/index.html Direct Lobbying Direct Lobbying Working within the Halls of Governments Based on developing and maintaining close contacts with policymakers *Achieving access to policymakers is a critical first state *Usually direct lobbying is aimed at officials already inclined to support a group and its views Mounting a Direct Lobbying Campaign
Access is essential *Money is essential to successful insider lobbying Specific tactics of direct lobbying will vary according to the Need at least $100K per year to run a credible direct lobbying operation Congress office *Trust is essential *Must have some ties to the constituency *Reelection aid *Need to be honest *Instant trust: use of former members of Congress *Link interest group concerns with those of the voters back home *PAC money *Get out the vote on election day Congress Providing services to members of Congress Provision of information: Identification of bills that member should support *Legislative drafting Expertise *Testimony Linkage *The Electric Boat Company *Current ads: http://www.gdeb.com/news/ *Member of the House of Representatives: *Rob Simmons (RCT) http://simmons.house.gov/ http://simmons.house.gov/ *Look under Biography and Issues _04+H0CT02124 *Rob's cash: http://herndon1.sdrdc.com/cgibin/cancomsrs/? The Bureaucracy Administrative decisions made by bureaucrats impact public policy *Regulatory agencies have ties to the regulated industries
FCC and broadcasters Linkage *FDA and pharmaceutical companies The FCC: what it is and what it does: *ATT: http://www.att.com/ * http://www.fcc.gov/aboutus.html Look under Newsroom The Courts *Some organizations are devoted to litigation * Test cases: a real lawsuit "engineered" to put the issues in the best light * Amicus curiae briefs ("friend of the court" briefs): formal written arguments submitted to a court
*ACLU *NAACP Legal Defense Fund Linkages The ACLU and what it does: NAACP Legal Defense Fund * http://www.aclu.org/about/aboutmain.cfm * http://www.naacpldf.org/ Indirect Lobbying Applying Pressure from Home Using the Grassroots Interest groups will mobilize their memberships in an orchestrated campaign to pressure members of Congress *Example: The National Rifle Association: http://www.nra.org/ Grassroots mobilizing via:
Third party help "Spontaneous" letters, card, phone calls, emails, faxes * http://www.nraila.org/ActionCenter/GrassRootsActivism.aspx?ID=11 Grassroots mobilizing via:
The Internet "Campaign Solutions" http://www.campaignsolutions.com/contents/clients/ * http://www.moveon.org/ Getting out the vote *http://www.moveon.org/campaigns.html * http://www.uft.org/news/teacher/vote_swing/ Molding Public Opinion Advertising campaigns to create a positive image "Principled, creative, dynamic and passionate" cancer stick manufacturer
* http://www.rjrt.com/home.asp Media events Molding Public Opinion
Framing the terms of a debate
fuseaction=article_detail&id=3437 Pickets and demonstrations *Tort Reform http://www.americanoutlook.org/index.cfm? *Reality check: http://www.snopes.com/legal/lawsuits.asp *Senator Carl Levin (DMI): http://www.votesmart.org/bio.php?can_id=S0430103 Rating members of Congress Other techniques *Violence Protest and civil disobedience ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2008 for the course PS 1010 taught by Professor Yahrmatter during the Fall '08 term at Wayne State University.
- Fall '08