The Presidency 1 - The Presidency 1 Chapter 11...

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The Presidency 1 Chapter 11 Constitutional Powers Executive and Military *All executive power is vested in the President *But the President may require assistance from executive departments *“Take care that the laws are faithfully executed” *Power to grant pardons *Commander-in-chief of the armed forces *Assures civilian control of the military *Held in tension with Congressional power to declare war Foreign Affairs, Appointment *Power to negotiate treaties *Treaties not binding unless 2/3 of Senate ratify *Power to “receive ambassadors” *This is the means of formal recognition of a foreign government *Appointment power (shared with Senate): *Ambassadors *Federal officers *Judges of the Supreme Court and other federal courts Role in Law Making Required to give State of the Union address and recommend laws to Congress State of the Union address allows the president to outline his policy agenda Veto power in Article I, section 7 Note The President may also be granted power through an act of Congress * http://usinfo.state.gov/products/pubs/legalotln/ (scroll down to the section “Executive”) A good primer on the executive branch and presidency * http://bensguide.gpo.gov/9-12/government/national/executive.html
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Theories of Presidential Leadership On the exercise of power Presidential power has grown enormously since the framing of the Constitution *Power enhanced by: National elections *Singular authority Each presidency is shaped by the individual holding the office Theories of Presidential Leadership * Whig Theory *Prevailing view of the Presidency in the 19 th Century Rejected by some presidents such as Andrew Jackson who saw himself as the “people’s tribune” Power of the Presidency is limited to the express terms of the Constitution *Role is primarily administrative Theories of Leadership * Stewardship Theory Strong presidential leadership *The president can taken any action so long as the Constitution does not specifically prohibit it *Example: T. Roosevelt; FDR; LBJ *Public now expects strong presidential leadership Factors Affecting Presidential Leadership ) Circumstances Special circumstances can create the opportunity for strong presidential leadership (or not!) *Examples: Lincoln and Civil War *FDR and Great Depression *Bush II and Hurricane Katrina Stage in President’s Term
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Presidents are at the height of popularity at the beginning of their terms * Honeymoon period : Congress, press and public are supportive of president at the beginning of a term Example: FDR and the Hundred Days Presidential Approval Ratings *See page 388 Nature of the Issue Congress and public generally more supportive of President in foreign affairs than domestic affairs * “Rally ‘round the flag” effect Strong initial support for the president at the start of a military action
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2008 for the course PS 1010 taught by Professor Yahrmatter during the Fall '08 term at Wayne State University.

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The Presidency 1 - The Presidency 1 Chapter 11...

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