SOC241 Criminology Lecture Notes

SOC241 Criminology Lecture Notes - Criminology Class...

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Criminology Class Lecture Notes An Introduction to Crime, Criminology, and the System of Justice Emphasis on The nature of crime- especially the moral and political nature of decisions to make some conduct criminal What we know about don’t know about crime Attempts to explain or understand crime The operation of the criminal justice system Course Plan-Major Segments Part 1 (Introduction) Criminology and criminologists -Crime and the Criminal Law -Ethical issues (values) The extent of crime -How is it studied? -Trends and rates -Is it predictable? -Measured? Gender, age, race, social class and crime Course Plan- Major Segments, Part 2 (Types of Crime) Violent crime Property crime Enterprise crime -White collar crime -Organized crime -Corporate crime -Cyber crime Victimless crime -Non-predatory crime -Crimes against society -Public order? Course Plan- Major Segments, Part 3 (System of Justice) System of justice- itntroduction Police and law enforcement -Functions -Issues Courts and the judicial process -Sentancing -The death penalty Corrections and punishment -Types of punishment -Justifications for punishment (rationales) Course Plan- Major Segments, Part 4 (Theories of Crime)
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Structural theories -Merton and others Social process theories Biological and psychological theories Conflict theories and critical criminology Theories of victimization -Victims and victimization Review of research, theory, and policy options Importance of a Theory of Criminal Law Without a theory, without an understanding of what distinguishes crime from other forms of wrongful and troublesome conduct, we cannot understand or make sense of the notion of crime A theory of criminal law provides us with a logical and reasonable definition of crime On Jerome Hall’s Theory of Criminal Law What makes crime different from other frms of rule violation? Can we identify the components (elements) that constitute this distinction? Hall stresses Legality and Conduct then focuses on Harm and Intent . He recognizes the role of Punishment and points to some important linkages ( Casuality and Concurrence ) The First Logical Requirement for an Understand of Crime Is The existence of a law that prohibits (or requires) some specific conduct. This is the Legality requirement Logic also requires that the law be in existence before the conduct A logical and sensible rule is one that people can understand. It cannot be vague or loosely stated A second logical requirement is that laws be restricted to rules controlling conduct not thought A third logical requirement, in a free society, is that laws should be designed to prevent some specific harm (injury, loss, or damage) A fourth requirement (
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SOC241 Criminology Lecture Notes - Criminology Class...

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