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Question 11 out of 1 pointsA 20-year-old woman calls the clinic at 5 PM and reports to the nurse that she forgot to take her morning dose of fexofenadine (Allegra). She usually takes her evening dose at 8 PM. She wants to know what she should do. The nurse will instruct her toResponse Feedback:Since it is only 3 hours until her evening dose, the nurse will instruct her to forget about the morning dose and take the evening dose as scheduled. It is not advisable to take two doses at the same time, and there is no need to skip the evening dose as well.Question 21 out of 1 pointsA female patient has been taking prednisone for her asthma for 1 month. The nurse will teach her to gradually decrease her dose of prednisone to avoidResponse Feedback:The patient may develop adrenal insufficiency (addisonian crisis), which is characterized by glucocorticoid insufficiency without mineralocorticoid insufficiency. Hypokalemia occurs as a result of hyperaldosteronism. Gastrointestinal distress and menstrual irregularities are common adverse effects of the drug, but these effects are not as serious as preventing adrenal insufficiency.Question 31 out of 1 pointsA patient is in the clinic for seasonal allergic rhinitis. Loratadine (Claritin) isprescribed. Which of the following statements will the nurse include when providing patient education concerning this drug?Response Feedback:Loratadine (Claritin) is a second-generation antihistamine and does not usually cause drowsiness like the first-generation medications; however, the patient should take it for at least a day to determine the drug's effect before driving. Loratadine should be taken on an empty stomach to increase absorption. The drug is taken only once a day. Brompheniramine, a nonselective H1 blocker (first-generation antihistamine) is takenevery 4 to 6 hours. Fexofenadine can be taken twice daily.Question 41 out of 1 pointsThe parents of a 7-year-old boy who has just been diagnosed with allergic asthma are being taught about their son's medication regimen by the nurse. The nurse is currently teaching the parent's about the appropriate use of a “rescue drug” for acute exacerbations of their son's asthma. Whatdrug should the nurse suggests the parents to use in these situations?
Response Feedback:Albuterol is a rescue drug that should be used first for all acute symptoms of shortness of breath or wheezing. Theophylline does not produce rapid symptom relief and beclomethasone is a maintenance drug. Acetylcysteine is not used in the treatment of asthma because it is used to manage secretions, which are not associated with asthma.Question 51 out of 1 pointsA 25-year-old woman comes to the clinic because of a chronic, nonproductive cough. Assessment reveals that she has a history of asthma and dextromethorphan, (Robitussin) is prescribed for her. The nurse will question this order becauseResponse Feedback:Dextromethorphan is contraindicated in patients with asthma. If