World Politics Final- research

World Politics Final- research - WorldPoliticsFinal:Research

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World Politics Final: Research The question : Does the Just War Doctrine represent a challenge to realism in politics? Why or why not? Is the Just War Tradition relevant to contemporary world politics? Use arguments from different perspectives to support your answer. Just War Doctrine IDEALIST A just war can only be waged as a last resort. All non-violent options must be exhausted before the use of force can be justified A war is just only if it is waged by a legitimate authority. Even just causes cannot be served by actions taken by individuals or groups who do not constitute an authority sanctioned by whatever the society and outsides to the society deem legitimate. A jus war can only be fought to redress a wrong suffered. For example, self- defense against an armed attack is always considered to be a just cause (although the justice of the cause is not sufficient). Further, a just war can only be fought with “right” intentions: the only permissible objective of a just war is to redress the injury A war can only be just if it is fought with a reasonable chance of success. Deaths and injury occurred in a hopeless cause are not morally justifiable. The ultimate goal of a just war is to re-establish peace. More specifically, the peace established after the war must be preferable to the peace that would have prevailed if the war had not been fought. The violence used in the war must be proportional to the injury suffered. States are prohibited from using force not necessary to attain the limited objective of addressing the injury suffered. The weapons used in war must discriminate between combatants and non- combatants. Civilians are never permissible targets of war, and every effort must be taken to avoid killing civilians. The deaths of civilians are justified only if they are unavoidable victims of a deliberate attack on a military target. Realism
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2008 for the course POLISCI 121 taught by Professor Ferraro during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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World Politics Final- research - WorldPoliticsFinal:Research

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