Outline - Chapter 1 - 11. Cells can use various free energy

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1                      Cells and Genomes     The Universal Features of cells on earth (pages 1-11; figures 1-1 to 1-14) 1. All cells have DNA as the genetic material 2. All cells replicate their DNA by templated polymerization 3. All cells transcribe a portion of their genetic material into RNA 4. All cells use proteins as catalysts 5. All cells translate into proteins in the same way 6. Fragment of genetic information corresponding to one protein is one gene 7. Requirement of energy by living cells 8. All cells use the same building blocks 9. All cells are enclosed by a plasma membrane 10. A living cell can exist with fewer than 500 genes – the minimal genome concept. The diversity of genomes and the tree of life (pages 11-22; figures 1-15 to 1-25)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 11. Cells can use various free energy sources-organotrophic; phototrophic; lithotrophic 12. Some cells can fix nitrogen and carbon dioxide 13. Procaryotes exhibit the greatest biochemical diversity 14. Tree of life three domains bacteria, archaea, and eucaryotes 15. New genes are generated from preexisting genes 16. Gene duplications give rise to gene families-homologs, paralogs, and orthologs 17. Genes can be transferred between organisms Genetic information in eucaryotes (pages 26-31; figures 1-30 to 1-37) 18. Eucaryotic cells may have originated as predators 19. Modern eucaryotic cells evolved from a symbiosis 20. Eucaryotes have hybrid genomes 21. Eucaryotic genomes are big...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 09/09/2008 for the course BIO 320 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 2

Outline - Chapter 1 - 11. Cells can use various free energy

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online