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Lectures_on_Artificial_Intelligence_12.09.14 - MCA/MSc CS...

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MCA/MSc CS 302ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMSDr. A K SaxenaProfessorand HeadGG Central University Bilaspur CG1Artificial Intelligence and Expert SystemsMCA/MSc III
About course material presented hereStudents are sincerely advised to read various books andconsult internet sites for a detailed clarification of topicspresented here. Contents are illustrated in class rooms sothey must attend classes regularly and attentively. They canhowever contact teacher at any time in department.On suggestions/discussions, the present notes will bemodified, so please keep in touch regularly.Readings1.Artificial Intelligence:A Modern Approach; Stuart JonathanRussell, Peter Norvig, Prentice Hall, 20102.Artificial Intelligence; Elaine Rich, Kevin Knight; Tata McGraw – HillPublishing Company, 2005Few internet sites( With Acknowledgmentsto known / unknownsites for figures / useful literature for academic purpose only)2Artificial Intelligence and Expert SystemsMCA/MSc III
3Artificial Intelligence and Expert SystemsMCA/MSc IIIUnit-1Introduction
Unit 1- IntroductionDefinition and Approaches(By different Scientists/researchers)The goal of work in artificial intelligence is to build machines thatperform tasks normally requiring human intelligence. (Nilsson, NilsJ. (1971),Problem-Solving Methods in Artificial Intelligence(NewYork: McGraw-Hill): vii.)Research scientists in Artificial Intelligence try to get machines toexhibit behavior that we call intelligent behavior when we observeit in human beings. (Slagle, James R. (1971),Artificial Intelligence:The Heuristic Programming Approach(New York: McGraw-Hill): 1.)Artificial intelligence(AI) is technology and a branch ofcomputer science that studies and develops intelligent machinesand software.The exciting new effort to make computers think ...machines withminds, in the full and literal sense'' (Haugeland, 1985)The automation of activities that we associate with humanthinking, activities such as decision-making, problem solving,learning ...'' (Bellman, 1978)4Artificial Intelligence and Expert SystemsMCA/MSc III
Unit 1- IntroductionDefinition and ApproachesThe art of creating machines that perform functions thatrequire intelligence when performed by people'' (Kurzweil,1990)The study of how to make computers do things at which, atthe moment, people are better'' (Rich and Knight, 1991)Thestudyofmentalfacultiesthroughtheuseofcomputational models'' (Charniak and McDermott, 1985)The study of the computations that make it possible toperceive, reason, and act'' (Winston, 1992)A field of study that seeks to explain and emulate intelligentbehavior in terms of computational processes'' (Schalkoff,1990)AI seeks to understand the working of the mind inmechanistic termsThe branch of computer science that is concerned with theautomation of intelligent behavior'' (Luger and Stubblefield,1993)5Artificial Intelligence and Expert SystemsMCA/MSc III
Unit 1- IntroductionConclusion about definition ofAI

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