Order #183816709_Why Is Mali Poor

Order #183816709_Why Is Mali Poor - Surname-1 Students Name...

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Surname-1 Student’s Name Professor’s Name Course Date Why Is Mali Poor Introduction The Republic of Mali is ranked among the poorest nations in Africa and also in the whole world. In the world, UN Human Development Index ranked the country at position 178 in 2009, which was out of 1782 nations ("Country Profile: Mali - Crossroads International - Carrefour International."). Many reports released by various credible bodies reveal conforming statistics indicating how Mali is struggling in poverty and how where ranks in Africa and the rest of the world. There are many causes and contributors to this current condition. Some emanate from within the country while other from external factors. Others relate to historical injustices by previous governments and political disputes while others involve environmental disadvantages. In this research paper, a comprehensive discussion on why Mali is currently poor will be presented. Brief Profile Mali is a country situated in West Africa bordering Senegal, Niger, Mauritania, Cote D’Ivoire, Guinea, Burkina Faso and Algeria with an area of 1.25 million square kilometers. Its population as at September 2016 is estimated to be 14.8 million (The World Factbook). Its capital city is Bamako and uses Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA) franc as its currency. Its national language is French, although their other three common languages widely used namely Arabic, Bambara and Berber. The country has various background traditions and
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Surname-2 indigenous beliefs, but Islam remains the most prevalent religion. Ibrahim Boubacar Keita is the current president since 2013 general election. Background As it seemed, all the governments that ruled the nation since 1960 had set its eyes on achieving economic excellence. However, most of those governments were unable to overcome circumstantial challenges as well as failing to follow a well-planned and structured long term strategy. They often focused on achieving short-term goals while putting unreasonable attention to incidental problems. Furthermore, there has been tension and unsettled political condition and temperatures since its independence. For a long period of time, the nation was led by a military government under one-party state. Inadequate investment in important sectors necessary for economic growth were not efficiently planned for and implemented. For instance, education sector lag behind which is the main reason for high illiteracy level among the adults in the nation. This among other issues will be highlighted throughout the paper. Political Problems There has been national disunity caused by distrust between the previous governments and the northern regions of Mali. Since its independence, Mali has encountered a series of political unrest exhibited through continuous internal conflicts. According to CRU Report, four major cases of internal rebellion from the northern territories and five consequent peace- agreements were recorded (Basille). The country has seen many attempted and two successful coups since its gaining of independence. Political upheavals throughout its history have played a
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