AgeofAbsolutismReview

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AgeofAbsolutismReviewTitle.gif (9343 bytes) *Main Themes: * *1. The During the 17c and 18c, Britain, France, Austria, Prussia, and Russia were able to establish or maintain a strong monarchy, standing army, efficient tax structures, large bureaucracy, and a more or less domesticated, divided or loyal nobility so that this period is known as the "Age of Absolutism." 2. England and France experienced very different political and social developments in the late 17c. 3. French culture and political power dominated Europe in the 18c. 4. One of the major reasons for the strong position of England from 1685-1763 lies in the supremacy of a parliament dominated by landowners and nobles of similar interests. The 18c became known as the "Age of the Aristocracy". Therefore, this supremacy of Parliament provided Britain with the kind of unity sought elsewhere through absolutism. 5. This period saw the beginnings of two long-term conflicts--Britain and France over trade and overseas empire and Austria and Prussia over the leadership of Germany. * *I. Differing Concepts of Absolutism: A. Thomas Hobbes --> pro-absolutism; pro-"divine-right" monarchy. B. John Locke -- rejected absolute governments. -- basic human rights that no government can take away: life, liberty, and property. -- the right of the citizen to rebel against a government that violated these basic human rights. * *II.
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2008 for the course EUH 2001 taught by Professor Giles during the Fall '07 term at University of Florida.

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