Art History Midterm Study Guide - Art History Midterm Study...

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Art History Midterm Study GuideLate Medieval- Key Artists: Giotto, Nicola Pisano, Giovanni Pisano, Cimabue, Pietro Cavallini, Duccio, Bonaventura Berlinghieri, Simone Martini, Pietro Lorenzetti, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Andrea Pisano, Gothic- Key Artists: Rogier van der Weyden, Robert Campin, Jan van Eyck, *Giovanni Arnolfini, LineLight: Ambient (cloudy day), Direct (midday), ideal-Diagonal: implies instabilitytranscendent (religious, rays of light), chiaroscuro (depth)-VerticalColour: primary triad, tertiary, cool palette, warm palette-Horizontalcomplementary -Curvilinear Balance: symmetry, asymmetry, relieved, radial-Serpentine: direct reference to Satan-Outline-Contour: implying there is depth, height, widthLate Gothic Art in Italy -Venice was one of the most liberal areas for art, Florence the most expansive, Rome the most conservative -Altarpieces were portable because of church fires and robberies Black Death (1347-51)-Origins & circumstances, physical ramifications, social effects, psychological effect, long term effects, effect on faith and religion, statistics -Come from Far East (China) trade ports, inflammation of lymph nodes, fear/ostracized-isolationism **Momento mori (remember that you shall die)**Open to humanism -up to 60% loss of population in Europe-Florence lost up to 1800 a day during a 4 year month period in 1348 Annunciation of the Virgin Mary (Synoptic Narrative) - 1260 by Nicola Pisano Subject matter: Baptistery Doors Artist: Andrea Pisano Iconography: Life of John the Baptist (Christian pedagogy)
Medium: SculptureTechnique: Bronze with Gold gild Culture: Florence Period: Late Gothic/1330-1336 Palace of the Doge Republic of Venice 1340-1438 Hybrid: Late gothic (Christian) and Islamic

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