Chapter 22 test - Chapter 22 Global 1300-1600 Renaissance...

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Chapter 22 Global 1300-1600: Renaissance Before 1500s: scholars decided what was true or false by referring to an ancient greek/roman author or the bible. Geocentric Theory: during the middle ages, scholars thought the earth was an immovable object at the center of the universe. Thought that the sun, moon, and the planets all moved around the earth Idea came from Aristotle, greek philosopher of 4 th century B.C. Ptolemy expanded on it Christianity taught that God had deliberately placed earth at the center of the universe Mid 1500s: Scientific Revolution Scholars started publishing works that challenged the church and the ideas of ancient thinkers. New way of thinking about the natural world Invention of printing press helped spread ideas European explorers traveled to Africa, Asia, America Astronomy and mathematics flourished Heliocentric Theory : sun stood at the center of the universe. Stars, earth, other planets all revolved around the sun Idea from Polish cleric and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus in the early 1500s Published his findings in 1543 in the book On the Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies since he feared persecution Danish Tycho Brahe expanded Johannes Kepler (Brahe’s assistant), concluded that the planets revolve around the sun in elliptical orbits instead of circles. Showed that Copernicus was right Galileo Galilei Built his own telescope in 1609 Published a book called Starry Messenger which described that Jupiter had four moons and that the sun had dark spots. Earth has a rough surface Supported Copernicus His findings went against the catholic and protestant church Warned galileo to stop defending Copernicus Galileo didn’t listen In 1632, published Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems which presented the ideas of both Copernicus and Ptolemy.

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