Ethics Paper- Should the HPV Vaccine be Mandated - Should the HPV Vaccine be Mandated Should the HPV Vaccine be Mandated Jessica Gheewala North Park

Ethics Paper- Should the HPV Vaccine be Mandated - Should...

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Should the HPV Vaccine be Mandated?Should the HPV Vaccine be Mandated?Jessica GheewalaNorth Park University AbstractVaccines have come a long wayin overcoming obstacles with horrific diseases. Today, vaccinesare used to prevent the spread of childhood diseases, sexuallytransmitted diseases, and the flu. However, the Gardasil vaccine causes a huge up roar within communities. Several community members and government officials have been going and fourth on whether to mandate such a vaccine. This paper will analyze the ethical concerns associated with mandating the Human Papilloma Virus vaccine. Through a religious deontological and utilitarianism perspective, it can be noted that both views make valid points about justice, non-maleficence, and beneficence. Unfortunately, when science and religion go head to head there is never a clear solution. Abbreviations/ TermsSTDs – Sexually Transmitted DiseasesHPV - Human Papilloma VirusCDC - Center of Disease Control and PreventionNHANES – National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey WHO - World Health OrganizationACS - American Cancer Society
Introduction In 1976, Edward Jenner took bodily fluid from a milkmaid named Sara Nelmes, who wasinfected with cowpox. Using that same fluid, Edward Jenner injected it on the arm of an eight – year – old boy named James Phipps. Following this unethical injection, the boy suffered from a fever that lasted two days (Gaynes, 2011). Once the fever subsided, Jenner exposed Phipps to smallpox; with great surprise, James was unaffected by the exposure. With this breakthrough in medicine, Edward Jenner eradicated smallpox within that same year (Gaynes, 2011). Since Edward Jenner discovered the vaccine, scientist have been able to overcome diseases and maintain outbreaks by mandating that children be vaccinated. Today, the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that children be vaccinated with at least fifteen shots(Kassiano, 2008). However, the Gardasil vaccine raises a few eyebrows amongst parents and religious leaders. The purpose of this vaccine is to prevent women from developing cervical cancer and genital warts when exposed to certain strains of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). In hind’s sight, this vaccine is very innocent in the sense that it just a preventative vaccine, but people who oppose the vaccine argue that this shot promotes risky sexual behavior. So, the debate over the Human Papilloma Virus vaccine goes head to head with the American HealthcareSystem and teenage sexuality. The arguments for and against the vaccine can be broken down to 2
the ethical concerns about when young women become sexually active and the role that parents and religious leaders play in mandating such a vaccine. Background The Human Papilloma Virus has been linked to the development of cervical cancer, with 70% of cases associated the HPV sub-type 16 and 18 (Haber, 2007). The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be 12,820 new cases of cervical cancer and 4,210 deaths from the disease in 2017 (“

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