Social Psych Test 2 study guide

Social Psych Test 2 study guide - Social Psych Test 2 study...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Social Psych Test 2 study guide The Social Self: Goals, Planning, and Achievement *in the beginning the goals were based on motivation; Freud: hedonic wants *Goals: the purpose of one’s behavior, what you are trying to do *Advantages of studying goals: can be measured or manipulated easily *goals drive, select, energize and direct thinking, feeling and behaving *they provide a way to organize and identify patterns of behavior How do we set goals? *other people give us goals *we think about desirability and feasibility : if something is perceived as necessary we will care less about the feasibility *we fantasize about the future, dwell on obstacles and contrast pros and cons *Fantasy Realization theory: contrast the positive future with the negative present (obstacles) -experience necessity to act(If there are obstacles in the way, we don’t feel like we have to act) -commitment to goal based on expectancies -no necessitity to act -commitment moderate (not based on expectancies) What Kind of Goal is it? *goals vary is structural features *abstract vs. concrete
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
*proximal (now)-feasability vs. distal (later)-desirability----road trip example *approach (I want something) vs avoidance(I want to avoid getting this) -people who approach are more successful and confident (intrinsically modivated) -people who avoid are more worried and anxious *performance vs. learning (show off vs. increase) *autonomy, competence, belongingness are good goals—generally happier/healthier *better than, power, self dominance *promotion vs. prevention (I want to achieve vs. I want to be safe) How do we reach our goals? * implemental mindset: we focus on goals we’ve committed to and ignore other potential goals and we become overly optimistic which keeps us motivated and makes us not doubt ourselves Implementation Intentions (planning): * Goal intentions: I want to exercise (general form: I want to achieve X) * Implementation intentions: I will go to the gym when the clock hits 5pm (general form: if Y than I will Z) *two mistakes made in implementation: miss opportunities to act (say ur gonna go to gym and don’t) or catch opportunity but don’t know what to do How do implementation intentions operate? 1. Direct attention to the situational cues that initiate action ( goal initiating cues are more accessible)---notice the situation when it occurs 2. Once the situational cues are activated, behavior is executed automatically (people have more cognitive resources to do other tasks)--- *inhibition of unwanted habitual responses: when the desert menu is served, I will not order the chocolate cake Understanding Achievement Motivation: * Dweck: 2 primary responses to a failure -Helplessness: negative emotion, poor prognosis for future performance, negative self- evaluation, degraded strategy use---give in to the failure
Background image of page 2
-Mastery: positive emotion, high expectations for future performance, strategy improvement, persistence-----see it as a challenge and work harder
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/09/2008 for the course PSYCH 121 taught by Professor Socialpsych during the Spring '08 term at Lehigh University .

Page1 / 12

Social Psych Test 2 study guide - Social Psych Test 2 study...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online