myth key terms - 1 Divine Myth Legend Folktale Myth Logos...

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1 Divine Myth A type of myth that tells of the actions of the gods; often as a way of explaining how something or some ritual practice came into being. Legend A type of myth that recounts the exploits of some great hero; often contains some amount of historical truth. Folktale A type of myth that features common people and/or fanciful animals. Myth A traditional story, originally oral, with no identifiable author. Logos "A reasoned account"; can be contrasted with mythos, a story. Etiology An account of the cause of something; often a myth has an etiological purpose or function. 2 Boeotia "Cow-land"; a region of Greece, just north of Athens, of which Thebes was the principal city. Attica A region of Greece, of which Athens was the principal city. Aegean Sea The body of water between Greece and modern-day Turkey. Cyclades Cluster of islands in the middle of the Aegean Sea; so called because their distribution resembles the shape of a circle (kuklos). Ionia The western-most coast of modern-day Turkey; inhabited by many Greek speaking people. Indo-Europeans The ancient people, whose language underlies many other ancient and modern languages; migrated into the Greek lands in about 1900 B.C. Mycenaean Age Late Bronze Age culture (1600-1250 B.C.); so-called because the greatest palace of the age is at the city of Mycenae. Achaeans Earliest term used by the Greek people to refer to themselves. Linear B Earliest script in which Greek was written. Dark Age Division of Greek history (1250-800 B.C.) following the Mycenaean Age; witnessed a radical simplification of life and the lost of the art of writing. Dorians Invading peoples thought by the ancient Greeks responsible for the destruction of the Mycenaean civilization. Archaic Period Division of Greek history (800-490 B.C.) just after the Dark Age; witnessed upsurge of travel, commerce, and the foundations of the Greek polis system. Classical Period Division of Greek history (490-323 B.C.) just after the Archaic Period; the Golden Age of ancient Greek history. Peloponnesian War The long war between Athens and Sparta and their allies; fatally weakened the Greek city-states. Hellenistic Period Division of Greek history (323-31 B.C.) just after the Classical Period; witnessed the gradual absorption of the Greek city-states into larger political bodies. polis Fundamental political unit of Greek history from the Archaic Age to the
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Hellenistic Period; autonomous city-state; source of most of the values of Greek culture. Hoplites The heavily armed soldier of the Greek citizen army. Parthenos "Young girl, virgin"; mentioned in connection with marriage, refers to the idea that a proper wife needed to be young and virgin. Miasma
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2008 for the course CLSS 050 taught by Professor Mythology during the Fall '06 term at Lehigh University .

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myth key terms - 1 Divine Myth Legend Folktale Myth Logos...

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