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Memory - Memory What is memory Formation of memories...

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Memory What is memory? Formation of memories- Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval Forgetting and Memory Construction
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Did you miss me? A. Yes B. For like a second C. Not at all fat ass
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“Memory is the most important function of the brain; without it life would be a blank. Our knowledge is all based on memory. Every thought, every action, our very conception of personal identity, is based on memory…Without memory, all experience would be useless” (Edridge- Green, 1900; quoted in Ashcraft, 2002).
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Memory process Encoding taking information in for the formation of memories Storage retain or maintain encoded information over time Retrieval recover information that has been encoded and stored out of memory stores Allows for learning, knowledge, action, and experience Is memory exact?
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Memory Stages Sensory Store Information taken in as original form Decay in ¼ second Iconic and Echoic memory Working Memory Active portion of memory Maintain, manipulate, and organize Attention plays key role Long-term Memory Nondeclarative (implicit/ procedural) memory Information that can unconsciously influence behaviors and thoughts without any necessary overt awareness or conscious memory of acquiring the information Declaractive (explicit) memory Thought to be made up of information that can consciously be retrieved and reflected upon
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If Attention plays a key role in WM, this must also mean that WM has: A. Infinite storage space B. Limited capacity C. No role in retrieval D. A focus on verbal information
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Retrieval Processes LT explicit memory is the recognition or recall of familiar information after delays. Recognition versus Recall For recognition there must be cues; is material familiar? For recall retrieval does not require cues Retrieval cues Context effects, Priming (Notes), Emotions/ Moods (Dreams)
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Which would you prefer on an exam? Questions based on: A. Recognition B. Recall C. Retrieval
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Prospective and Retrospective memory Prospective Memory Remembering to perform actions in the future Retrospective Memory Remembering past events or previously learned information Habitual tasks versus infrequent tasks Cues for prospective memory Event based tasks and Time- Based tasks Struggles of children with ADHD
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Declarative Memory Semantic Memory General world knowledge Highly organized knowledge a person possess about all verbally related information Episodic Memory Temporal dated events that happened to an individual at a specific moment in time and in a specific place Personally experienced Different from general event memories and scripts
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Memory - Memory What is memory Formation of memories...

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