Methods

Methods - Research in Child Psychology Methods and Designs...

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Research in Child Psychology Methods and Designs
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Just observing is not enough Science = empirical observation coupled with THEORY Theory- statement describing relationship between some phenomenon and factors that influence it Theory + study to be = hypothesis Theory + evidence (data)= law Often differ from: Our own formal hypotheses Our own diverse intuitions about the nature of childhood
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Research basics Researchers first generate hypotheses (falsifiable propositions), then observe (objectively) Theoretical perspectives MATTER (e.g., cognitive developmental, bioecological…) Theory determines WHAT we test, WHAT we observe, (in part) what we conclude
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Fundamental effects in developmental psych Every study of human development is built to address at least one of these… Age, Cohort, and Time-of-Measurement effects Often some combination of these
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Age effects Chronological age from birth (or conception) used as general index Age does not CAUSE behavior Iron rusts over time, but time doesn’t CAUSE rust Developmentalists study age-dependent processes, use age as a shorthand
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Cohort effects Differences due to experiences and circumstances unique to the particular generation to which a person belongs
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2008 for the course PSY 210 taught by Professor Skowronek during the Spring '08 term at Tampa.

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Methods - Research in Child Psychology Methods and Designs...

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