Physical Self

Physical Self - The Physical Self Birth Competencies&...

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Unformatted text preview: The Physical Self Birth Competencies & Reflexes Brain Development Infant States Development of Motor Skills Birth & Newborn Competencies M a c in to s h H D :U s e r s :js k o w r o n e k :D o c u m e n ts :C O U R S E S :V ID E O C L IP S :D e v e lo p m e n ta l C lip s :b ir th & a p g a r .m o v Newborn Assessments Apgar scale Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiratory effort Given minutes after birth and then given five minutes later Score Characteristic 0 1 2 Heart rate Absent Slow (< 100 bpm) > 100 bpm Respiratory effort Absent Slow or irregular Good, baby cries Muscle tone Flaccid, limp Weak, some flexion Strong, active motion Color Blue or pale Body pink, extremities blue All pink Reflex irritability No response Frown, grimace, or weak cry Vigorous cries, coughs, sneezes Newborn Assessment cont. Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale Measures infant behavioral and neurological well- being, such as reflexes, hearing, reactions, irritability, and soothability Used within a few days of birth Both scales inform parents about whether or not their newborn needs medical attention From Fetus to Infant Fetus and neonate responses to stress Surge of catecholamine All tasks previously accomplished by mother’s body now done by the neonate Breathing must be done immediately- lungs do not provide O2 to the body of a fetus (or get rid of CO2) and up until after birth the lungs are filled with fluid. Change in blood flow Fetal circulation to neonatal or mature circulation: blood flows from right to left to left to right The Preterm Infant: Issues in premature infants Breathing- if born too early lungs are not fully developed Retinopathy- damage to retina Apnea- breathing stops for no reason or is disorganized High levels of bilirubin because of low functioning liver Bleeding of the brain Occurs more often in mothers who drink Neonatal (mature) blood circulation may never begin resulting in passage ways not closing and hypoxia, which may result in necrotizing enterocolitis Brain Development • At birth brain is 25% of adult, by 5 it is 90%, full weight by 16 • Vulnerable to damage • Development is possible throughout life • Brain Plasticity- brain can develop in accordance with individual’s experience, even in adulthood Left Brain...
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Physical Self - The Physical Self Birth Competencies&...

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