Abnormal Psychology psychological theories

Abnormal Psychology psychological theories - Abnormal...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Abnormal Psychology Psychological Theories Defense Mechanism Repression: unacceptable ID pushed to unconscious Reaction formation: express opposite feelings Projection: impulse repressed, attributed to others Rationalization: socially acceptable explanation Displacement: negative emotion onto wrong target Denial: failure to acknowledge external reality Regression: return to previous developmental stage Development: Psychosexual Stages Oral birth - 1 yr weaning –reliability of others “dependence and mistrust of others, excessive smoking, drinking, eating” Anal 18 mo - 3 yrs toileting - harsh, critical parenting “ excessive cleanliness, orderliness, stubborn, stingy…messiness, rebelliousness” Phallic 3-6 yrs Genitals - crisis of managing sexual pleasure “promiscuity, inappropriate gender roles” Oedipus complex: “castration anxiety” Electra complex: “penis envy” Latency 6 -12 yrs period of sexual calm, focused on skills/interests Genital 12 yrs crisis of managing adult sexuality (puberty), how to interact with the opposite sex Later Psychodynamic Theorists Departed from Freud’s ideas
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- more emphasis on past interpersonal relationships (object relations perspective) Each held on to Freud’s belief: personality is shaped by dynamic interacting psychological forces Critiquing Psychodynamic Theory Strengths 1sst psychological explanation of behavior rich and complex, comprehensive “unconscious” and “defense mechanisms” Weaknesses: Difficult to test scientifically Focused on libido childhood Sexist Limited generalizability and applicability Behavior Theories Assumption: Abnormal behavior is learned controlled by environment 3 Behavioral Learning Models Classical Conditioning Pavlov, Watson Operant Conditioning Skinner Observational Learning/Modeling Bandura Classical Conditioning
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/09/2008 for the course PSYC 3014 taught by Professor Salley during the Spring '08 term at VCCS.

Page1 / 8

Abnormal Psychology psychological theories - Abnormal...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online