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Abnormal Psychology psychological theories

Abnormal Psychology psychological theories - Abnormal...

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Abnormal Psychology Psychological Theories Defense Mechanism Repression: unacceptable ID pushed to unconscious Reaction formation: express opposite feelings Projection: impulse repressed, attributed to others Rationalization: socially acceptable explanation Displacement: negative emotion onto wrong target Denial: failure to acknowledge external reality Regression: return to previous developmental stage Development: Psychosexual Stages Oral birth - 1 yr weaning –reliability of others “dependence and mistrust of others, excessive smoking, drinking, eating” Anal 18 mo - 3 yrs toileting - harsh, critical parenting “ excessive cleanliness, orderliness, stubborn, stingy…messiness, rebelliousness” Phallic 3-6 yrs Genitals - crisis of managing sexual pleasure “promiscuity, inappropriate gender roles” Oedipus complex: “castration anxiety” Electra complex: “penis envy” Latency 6 -12 yrs period of sexual calm, focused on skills/interests Genital 12 yrs crisis of managing adult sexuality (puberty), how to interact with the opposite sex Later Psychodynamic Theorists Departed from Freud’s ideas
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- sex instinct not major determinant of behavior - more emphasis on past interpersonal relationships (object relations perspective) Each held on to Freud’s belief: personality is shaped by dynamic interacting psychological forces Critiquing Psychodynamic Theory Strengths 1sst psychological explanation of behavior rich and complex, comprehensive “unconscious” and “defense mechanisms” Weaknesses: Difficult to test scientifically Focused on libido childhood Sexist Limited generalizability and applicability Behavior Theories Assumption: Abnormal behavior is learned controlled by environment 3 Behavioral Learning Models Classical Conditioning Pavlov, Watson Operant Conditioning Skinner Observational Learning/Modeling Bandura Classical Conditioning
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