0827 Chapter 2

0827 Chapter 2 - Chapter 2. Representative Carbon Compounds...

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Chapter 2 - 1 Chapter 2. Representative Carbon Compounds 2.2. Hydrocarbons ---> compounds containing only carbon and hydrogen atoms Aliphatic hydrocarbons Alkane: w/ only single bonds <----- saturated (satd.) Alkene: w/ (a) C=C bond(s) <----- unsaturated (unsatd.) Alkyne: w/ (a) C= C bond(s) <----- unsaturated (unsatd.) Aromatic hydrocarbons e.g.) benzene resonance resonance hybrid All C-C bonds are the same.
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Chapter 2 - 2 Alkyl groups - (alkyl: adjective form of alkane, denoted by R) 2.5. Functional Groups Alkane Alkyl- R- CH 4 (methane) CH 3 - (methyl) Me- CH 3 CH 3 (ethane) CH 3 CH 2 CH 3 (propane) CH 3 CH 2 - (ethyl) CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 - (propyl) Et- Pr- isomer CH 3 CHCH 3 (isopropyl) i Pr- (benzene) (phenyl) Ph- Note: benzyl is different from phenyl. (phenyl) (benzyl) H 2 C
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Chapter 2 - 3 Alkyl halide (haloalkane) (alkane) (halogen) C C Cl H H H H H C C C H H H Cl H H H H 1° alkyl chloride 2° alkyl chloride C Cl H 3 C CH 3 CH 3 3° alkyl chloride primary (1°) carbon
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2008 for the course CHEM 322AL taught by Professor Jung during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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0827 Chapter 2 - Chapter 2. Representative Carbon Compounds...

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