Literature_Outline - Literature Study Guide Encounters and...

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Literature Study Guide Encounters and Foundations to 1800 Native American Myths Terms and People to Know – Define the following terms: Puritans The Puritan Legacy Mayflower Compact Age of Reason Rationalism Smallpox Plague Deism Self-made Americans Cotton Mather Benjamin Franklin Cabeza de Vaca encomienda conquistadors Oral Tradition Salem Witch Trials Iroquois Confederacy archetype Rationalists myth Vocabulary: persecuted reborn afflicted expeditions compact tinkerers inoculations contradictory fuel Encounters and Foundations to 1800 I. First European Explorers (Spanish) set foot on land in our hemisphere A. Took place about five hundred years ago. B. Were not the first to tread on American soil 1. American Indians had lived here for thousands of years before Europeans stumbled across what they called the New World. II. Forming New Relationships A. first interactions between Europeans and American Indians involved trading near harbors and rivers of North America. B. As English began to establish colonies on new shores, they relied on American Indians to teach them survival skills 1. making canoes and shelters 2. fashioning clothes from buckskin 3. planting crops C. At the same time, American Indians were Eager to acquire European items 1. firearms 2. textiles 3. tools D. In early years of European Settlement, American Indians vastly outnumbered colonists. 1. In 1600 total American Indian population was from 70,000 to 100,000 people. III. Battling New Diseases A. Settler unknowingly exposed Native Americans to deadly diseases 1
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Literature Study Guide Encounters and Foundations to 1800 Native American Myths 1. sometimes killed the population of an entire village 2. Some Native Americans managed to survive the epidemics 3. Most were eventually forced to vacate their home and land by settlers who no longer needed Native Americans’ friendship and guidance. IV. Explorers’ Writings A. French and Spanish explorers were first Europeans to write in detail about the new continent. B. Christopher Columbus, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado and many others wrote letters, books, and journals expressing their dreams and desires about the New World. C. Hoping for funding for more expeditions, these men pointed to abundant resources, peaceful natives, and fantastic amounts of gold in America. 1. Cabeza De Vaca landed on coast of Florida in 1528. 2. He and others left ship to explore inland 3. A year later, when they had not returned, ships that brought them to America gave them up for dead and set sail for Mexico. 4. Lost in the Texas Gulf area, Cabeza de Vaca and companions spent eight years trying to find other Europeans who would help them to get home.
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