IR History IR theories

IR History IR theories - PSC 124.200: International...

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PSC 124.200: International Relations Hans Peter Schmitz, Spring 2008 Idealism prior to WW I (Immanuel Kant, Woodrow Wilson) Level of Analysis: Individual (first image) Human nature is good: Peace in international relations depends on creating democracies and a cooperative environment. Emphasis on the rule of law and institutions; extending domestic peace to the international realm. Kant’s “Perpetual Peace” (1795): Representative governments (public opinion); economic interdependence; federation of free states. Political failure and demise: Refusal of U.S. Congress to join the League of Nations after World War I; followed by World War II. Main concern : What institutions secure peace internationally? Classical Realism (offensive); Inter-war period (Hans Morgenthau, E.H. Carr) Level of Analysis: Individual (first image) Human nature is aggressive: State leaders seek power for its own sake (Hobbesian world)/Sustainable peace is very unlikely. Example: World War I and II as global struggles for dominance. Military alliances are temporary and deceitful. Main concern : How can a state survive in a Hobbesian world?
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Neorealism (defensive) 1970s (Kenneth N. Waltz) Level of Analysis: International (third image) Neorealism abandons the individual as the main unit of analysis and shifts attention to the structure of the international system (anarchy). States are the only significant actors in world affairs. States are rational and unitary actors.
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2008 for the course POL 130 taught by Professor Sampson during the Spring '08 term at Gustavus.

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IR History IR theories - PSC 124.200: International...

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