IR Midterm Review

IR Midterm Review - IR Midterm Review Review for the...

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IR Midterm Review Review for the Midterm should include, but is not limited, to the following list of terms. You are also responsible for all Art/Jervis articles and those on ER that corresponded to chapters 1-7. 1. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES USED TO EXPLAIN IR—LIBERAL, CONSERVATIVE, REVOLUTIONARY IR is best understood as a protracted competition between the realist (conservative), liberal, and radical (revolutionary) traditions. Realism (Conservative) – Emphasize the enduring propensity for conflict between states. Explains international relations in terms of power. Liberalism – identifies several ways to migrate these conflictive tendencies Radical/Revolutionary/Constructivism – describe how the entire system of state relations might be transformed. Boundaries between these traditions are somewhat fuzzy and a number of important theories do not fit neatly into any of them. Purpose of theories in international relations: Positivism : Explain and predict by reducing the complexity of reality (examples: Neorealism, Institutionalism). Normativism : Challenge reality with reference to normative standpoints/values and develop strategies of fundamental global change (examples: Feminism and gender equality; Marxism and class struggle; Idealism and human rights). Three perspectives : Conservative – focus on power/dominance Liberal – focus on reciprocity (buildup of international orgs and mutual cooperation) and identity (changes in norms and public opinion) Revolutionary/Social – focus on the impact of ideas Three theories : realism theories (conservative), idealism/liberalism theories (liberal), and constructivism/social theories (revolutionary) List of all the theories we covered: Classical Realism o Liberal Realism or the English school or rationalism o Neorealism or Structural Realism Defensive Realism Offensive Realism o Neoclassical Realism Liberal Theories (Kant) o Idealism o Democratic Peace Theory o Liberal Institutionalism (Neoliberalism) Revolutionary/Social Theories o Constructivist Theories o Postmodernist Theories o Marxism (Imperialism) Peace Studies Gender Theories o Difference Feminism o Liberal Feminism o Postmodern Feminism What do perspectives do? They help us reduce complexity and choose a specific lens (example: Darfur) Understand how leaders think
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Identify the primary causes of conflict 2. SOVEREIGNTY Definition - a legal and political concept describing a state’s ability to exclusively control its borders, its territory, and domestic affairs as well as represent its population internationally. Sovereignty: No superior authority. Control over domestic affairs Control over cross-border movements Exclusive representation in international politics Sovereignty is an idealized state of affairs. The actual degree of sovereign control varies greatly among states. Sovereignty as Control:
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IR Midterm Review - IR Midterm Review Review for the...

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