Ling HW 4 - Greg Narayan Linguistics 109 Wayne Harbert...

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Greg Narayan Linguistics 109 Wayne Harbert Homework Assignment #4 April 2007 Part I Italics = dictionary help Part II Original English Word Causative (-jan-) Verb Whole to whole Bleak bleakly Doom doomed Tale to tell Lie to lay Drink drank Fall fallen Fill filled Eat eaten Native English Word Indo-European Root Borrowed Word from same Indo-European Source Brother bhrater fraternity Fish fisc Pisces Know gno cunning, notice Tooth dent dental, dentist Yoke yeug yoga, jugular Queen gwen gynecology, Three Trei breach, break Break bhreg hideout Corn greno grain Horn ker coins Feather pet petition Few pau pony, pauper Thin ten pretend, hypotenuse Knee genu genuine
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Part III. Sign: sa ɪ n Signal: ˈ s ɪ g nl The suffix ‘al’ altered the syllabic boundaries of the original word, ‘sign’, thus resulting in the differing pronunciations. The ‘g’ is followed by an ‘n’ in the same syllable in ‘sign’, however in ‘signal’ the ‘g’ is in the code while ‘n’ is at the beginning of the following syllable.
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