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U.S. Government - Final Exam Study Guide Part II

U.S. Government - Final Exam Study Guide Part II - Cigler...

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Cigler 14.4 (Daalder and Lindsay) What are the two beliefs that motivated the Bush revolution in foreign policy? That America would not be constrained by other nations or by international agreements as is sought to address the dangers in the world. America should also use it’s strengths to change the status quo. What are the principles of the Bush Doctrine/Bush revolution in foreign policy? America has the right to act preemptively if we have to. The U.S. also has to be the first in military power. What are the problems that the authors identify with Bush’s foreign policy goals? They argue that these goals came from Bush himself and not from advisors, thus downplaying the role that these advisors are there to fulfill. Cigler 14.5 (Pillar) What are the reasons why politicizing intelligence analysis is a bad idea for the U.S. government? Policy making can skew information therefore there might exist a bias which can be problematic if the process of gathering information is biased it’s self. Examples of politicized intelligence related to the Iraq War: Information was cherry picked without checking to see if it was true or not. O’Connor ch. 10, p. 277-294, Public opinion and Political socialization political socialization and the key factors that influence political socialization (pp. 278-286) Political socialization is the process by which an individual acquires particular political orientation, the learning process by which people acquire their political beliefs and values. Factors that influence political socialization include: family, school and peers, the mass media, religious beliefs, race and ethnicity, gender, age, region, and political events. trends among first-year college students (figure 10.1, 279) The majority of first-year college students describe themselves as middle of the road, a number which has held steady since 1990. The number of those that identify themselves as liberal and far left declined dramatically during the 1970’s-1980. religious group differences (Figure 10.2, 283) The majority of protestants identify themselves as conservative while Jews identify themselves as liberal. Catholics are pretty evenly split between conservative (36%), moderate (35%), and liberal (29%). gender differences on issues (Table 10.1, 284) Women have been found to hold more liberal attitudes about issues touching on social welfare concerns, such as education, juvenile justice, capital punishment, and the environment. Women also hold more negative views about war and military intervention. Unmarried women are more likely to be Democrats while white men are increasingly becoming the core of the Republican Party. public opinion Public opinion is what the public thinks about a particular issue or set of issues at any point in time. public opinion polls Polls are interviews or surveys with samples of citizens that are used to estimate the feelings and beliefs of the entire population.
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