The Sociology of Hunting and Gathering Notes - The Nature...

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The Nature of Humankind…Humans are social beings obliged by nature to live with others as a member of societySocial life is essential not only for the survival of the species, but also for the maximumsatisfaction of human needs and desiresThrough cooperative activity humans can satisfy many needs and desires which could nt be metotherwise.Hunting and Gathering SocietiesAre the most primitive of all human societiesIt’s only been in the past 10,000-12,000 years that humans have advanced to the point wherethey have been able to control and enlarge their food supply through the cultivation of plantsand the domestication of animals.A hunter-gatherer society is on whose primary subsistence method involves the directprocurement of edible plants and animals from the wild, foraging and hunting without significantrecourse to the domestication of either.Nine elements of Hunting and Gathering SocietiesSize and population densityNomadicKinshipThe economyPoliticsStratificationReligionEducationArts and leisureHunting and gathering was presumably the only subsistence strategy employed by humansocieties for more than two million yearsTechniques of food production are primitive, but they are proficient huntersOther elements of technology are also primitive, such as making clothes, providing shelter,making tools, and weapons.Tools and weapons are largely made from wood, stone, or other items taken directly fromnature.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Hollingsworth,J.
Tags
Sociology, gathering societies, Hunting and Gathering Societies

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