The Toltecs Critical Analysis - Lindsey 1 Kaitlyn Lindsey...

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Lindsey 1 Kaitlyn Lindsey Professor Hollingsworth World Societies I (SOCI-2310-01) 7 December 2016 The Toltecs The Toltecs were a civilization that dates back to early 10 th to mid-12 th century in central Mexico. At the civilization’s peak, it is known that they had around 100,000 to 125,000 inhabitants that lived in a diameter of eight square miles. It is believed that the Toltecs were refugees from the north from the decline of the Teotihuacán. According to historians, modern society knows little about the Toltecs due to the Aztecs that scavenged the abandoned pyramids, palaces, and more for building materials for their nearby capital. Resulting in, destroying historical evidence that was remained. They spread the cult of their greatest god, Quetzalcoatl, to the very farthest corners of Mesoamerica. The Toltecs were one of the first militaristic cultures in the region that they used their power to dominate those who lived in the surrounding areas. Ironically, the Aztecs dominated the Toltecs, leaving them to flee or be absorbed into their civilization. The Toltecs most likely had a trade network that traded, tribute, or and received goods as far as the Pacific coast and central America. It is unknown if the Toltecs had an impressive trading network due to being extensively ransacked by first the Aztecs and then the Spanish. “Jade was one of the most important trade materials in ancient Mesoamerica, only one piece has been found at Tula.” (Minster) The city of Tollán was known to have been overflowed with wealth contributed by the gifted Toltec craftsmen,
Last Name 2 those who were gifted in jewelers and metal-workers, also known as tolteca. They were also to have been understood to controlling nature and creating maize crops and colored cotton naturally dyed red, green, yellow, and blue. Obviously, after many centuries of hunting and looting, there were no artifacts to match the Toltecs’ material wealth besides the fact that the Toltecs traded in obsidian, that was mined from close to Pachuca. The Toltecs were not the first civilizations to trade though. The Mayans traded as far as the

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